Difference between revisions of "16th century"

From Cunnan
Jump to navigationJump to search
(→‎Events: Added dates of battles of the Anglo-Scottish and League of Cambrai wars)
 
(14 intermediate revisions by 4 users not shown)
Line 2: Line 2:
  
 
===1500s===
 
===1500s===
* 1508: [[Crossbow]]s banned (in [[England]]?) to increase the practise of using the [[longbow]]
+
*1500: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Novara_%281500%29|Battle of Novara]] (April)
* 1509: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Agnadello|Battle of Agnadello]] (May 14)
+
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Lepanto_%281500%29|Battle of Lepanto]] (August)
 +
*1501: [[Wikipedia:Arthur%2C_Prince_of_Wales|Arthur Tudor]] weds [[Wikipedia:Catherine_of_Aragon|Catherine of Aragon]] (November 14)
 +
: [[Wikipedia:Michelangelo|Michelangelo]] begins sculpting ''[[Wikipedia:David_%28Michelangelo%29|David]]'' and ''[[Wikipedia:Madonna_of_Bruges|The Madonna of Bruges]]''
 +
*1502: [[Wikipedia;Leonardo_da_Vinci|Leonardo da Vinci]] begins painting the ''[[Wikipedia:Mona_Lisa|Mona Lisa]]''
 +
: Death of [[Wikipedia:Arthur%2C_Prince_of_Wales|Arthur Tudor]] (April 2)
 +
* 1503: [[Wikipedia:Michelangelo|Michelangelo]] paints the ''[[Wikipedia:Doni_Tondo|Doni Tondo]]''
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Ruvo|Battle of Ruvo]] (February 23)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Cerignola|Battle of Cerignola]] (April 21)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Garigliano_%281503%29|Battle of Garigliano]] (December 29)
 +
*1504: Death of [[Wikipedia:Isabella_of_Castile|Isabella of Castile]] (November 26)
 +
*1506: Death of [[Christopher_Columbus|Christopher Columbus]] (May 20)
 +
*1508: [[Crossbow]]s banned (in [[England]]?) to increase the practise of using the [[longbow]]
 +
*1509: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Diu_%281509%29|Battle of Diu]] (February 2-3)
 +
: Death of [[Henry_VII|Henry VII of England]] (April 21)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Agnadello|Battle of Agnadello]] (May 14)
 +
: [[Henry_VIII|Henry VIII of England]] weds [[Wikipedia:Catherine_of_Aragon|Catherine of Aragon]] (June 11)
 +
: Coronation of [[Henry_VIII|Henry VIII of England]] (June 28)
 
: The [[Wikipedia:Siege_of_Padua|Siege of Padua]] (July 17)
 
: The [[Wikipedia:Siege_of_Padua|Siege of Padua]] (July 17)
 
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Polesella|Battle of Polesella]] (December 22)
 
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Polesella|Battle of Polesella]] (December 22)
  
 
===1510s===
 
===1510s===
* 1512: The [[Wikipedia:Sack_of_Brescia|Sack of Brescia]] (February 18)
+
*1511: Birth of the first [[Wikipedia:Henry%2C_Duke_of_Cornwall|Henry, Duke of Cornwall]] (January 1)
 +
: Death of the first [[Wikipedia:Henry%2C_Duke_of_Cornwall|Henry, Duke of Cornwall]] (February 11)
 +
: Birth of [[Giorgio_Vasari|Giorgio Vasari]] (July 30)
 +
*1512: The [[Wikipedia:Sack_of_Brescia|Sack of Brescia]] (February 18)
 
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Ravenna_%281512%29|Battle of Ravenna]] (April 11)
 
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Ravenna_%281512%29|Battle of Ravenna]] (April 11)
 
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_St._Mathieu|Battle of St. Mathieu]] (August 10)
 
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_St._Mathieu|Battle of St. Mathieu]] (August 10)
* 1513: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Novara_%281513%29|Battle of Novara]] (June 6)
+
*1513: [[Wikipedia:Michelangelo|Michelangelo]] begins work on ''[[Wikipedia:Moses_%28Michelangelo%29|Moses]]''
 +
: [[Wikipedia:Jorge_%C3%81lvares|Jorge Álvares]] reaches [[China]] (May)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Novara_%281513%29|Battle of Novara]] (June 6)
 
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Guinegate_%281513%29|Battle of Guinegate]] (August 16)
 
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Guinegate_%281513%29|Battle of Guinegate]] (August 16)
 
: [[James_IV|James IV of Scotland]] dies at the [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Flodden_Field|Battle of Flodden Field]] (September 9); coronation of [[James_V|James V]] (September 21)
 
: [[James_IV|James IV of Scotland]] dies at the [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Flodden_Field|Battle of Flodden Field]] (September 9); coronation of [[James_V|James V]] (September 21)
 
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_La_Motta|Battle of La Motta]] (October 7)
 
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_La_Motta|Battle of La Motta]] (October 7)
* 1515: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Marignano|Battle of Marignano]] (September 13-14)
+
*1514: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Chaldiran|Battle of Chaldiran]] (August 23)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Orsha|Battle of Orsha]] (September 8)
 +
: Birth and death of the second [[Wikipedia:Henry%2C_Duke_of_Cornwall|Henry, Duke of Cornwall]] (December)
 +
*1515: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Marignano|Battle of Marignano]] (September 13-14)
 +
: Birth of [[Wikipedia:Anne_of_Cleves|Anne of Cleves]] (September 22)
 +
*1516: Death of [[Wikipedia:Ferdinand_II_of_Aragon|Ferdinand II of Aragon]] (January 23)
 +
: Birth of [[Mary_I|Mary I of England]] (February 18)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:War_of_Urbino|War of Urbino]]
 +
*1517: [[Martin_Luther|Martin Luther]] posts the [[Wikipedia:The_95_Theses|Ninety-Five Theses]] (October 31)
 +
*1519: Birth of [[Wikipedia:Henry_II_of_France|Henry II of France]] (March 31)
 +
: Birth of [[Catherine_de%27_Medici|Catherine de' Medici]] (April 13)
 +
: Death of [[Wikipedia:Leonardo_da_Vinci|Leonardo da Vinci]] (May 2)
 +
: Departure of [[Wikipedia:Ferdinand_Magellan|Magellan's]] voyage to circumnavigate the [[Earth]]
 +
 
  
 
===1520s===
 
===1520s===
 +
* [[Wikipedia:William_Tyndale|William Tyndale]]'s translation of the [[Wikipedia:New_Testament|New Testament]] published
 +
*1520: Beginning of the reign of [[Wikipedia:Suleiman_the_Magnificent|Suleiman I of the Ottoman Empire]]
 +
*1521: [[Wikipedia:Michelangelo|Michelangelo]] finishes the ''[[Wikipedia:Cristo_della_Minerva|Cristo della Minerva]]''
 +
: Death of [[Wikipedia:Ferdinand_Magellan|Magellan]] (April 27)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Pampeluna|Battle of Pamplona]] (May 20)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Esquiroz|Battle of Esquiroz]] (June 30)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Siege_of_M%C3%A9zi%C3%A8res|Siege of Mézières]]
 +
: [[Wikipedia:Suleiman_the_Magnificent|Suleiman]] captures the fort at [[Wikipedia:Belgrade|Belgrade]] and razes most of the city to the ground (August 28)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Siege_of_Tournai|Siege of Tournai]]
 +
*1522: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Bicocca|Battle of Biocca]] (April 27)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Siege_of_Genoa_%281522%29|Siege of Genoa]] (May 20-30)
 +
*1523: [[Sweden]] [[Wikipedia:Foundation_of_Modern_Sweden|gains independence]] from the [[Wikipedia:Kalmar_Union|Kalmar Union]]
 +
*1524: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_the_Sesia|Battle of the Sesia]] (April 30)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Siege_of_Marseille_%281524%29|Siege of Marseille]] (August-September)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Peasants%27_War|Peasants' War]] (1524-May 15, 1525)
 +
*1525: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Pavia|Battle of Pavia]] (February 24)
 +
: [[Wikipedia:Francis_I_of_France|Francis I of France]] signs the Treaty of Madrid, surrendering [[France]]'s claims to [[Italy]], [[Flanders]], and [[Burgundy]]
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Moh%C3%A1cs|Battle of Mohács]] (August 29)
 +
*1527: The [[Wikipedia:Sack_of_Rome_%281527%29|Sack of Rome]] (May 6)
 +
*1529: The [[Wikipedia:Siege_of_Vienna|Siege of Vienna]]
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Siege_of_Florence_%281529-1530%29|Siege of Florence]] (1529-1530)
  
 
===1530s===
 
===1530s===
 +
*1530: Birth of [[Wikipedia:Ivan_IV|Ivan IV of Russia]] (August 25)
 +
: Death of [[Wikipedia:Babur|Babur]] (December 26)
 +
*1533: [[Henry_VIII|Henry VIII of England]] weds [[Anne_Boleyn|Anne Boleyn]] (January 25)
 +
: Birth of [[Wikipedia:William_the_Silent|William the Silent]] (April 24)
 +
: [[Pope]] [[Wikipedia:Clement_VII|Clement VII]] excommunicates [[Henry_VIII|Henry VIII of England]] (July)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Gavinana|Battle of Gavinana]]
 +
: Birth of [[Elizabeth_I|Elizabeth I of England]] (September 7)
 +
: [[Wikipedia:Henry_II_of_France|Henry II of France]] weds [[Catherine_de%27_Medici|Catherine de' Medici]] (October 28)
 +
*1534: The [[Wikipedia:Suffragan_Bishops_Act_1534|Suffragan Bishops Act]]
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Act_of_Supremacy|First Act of Supremacy]] (November)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Treasons_Act_1534|Treasons Act]]
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:First_Succession_Act|First Succession Act]]
 +
*1535: [[Wikipedia:Michelangelo|Michelangelo]] begins work on ''[[Wikipedia:The_Last_Judgment_%28Michelangelo%29|The Last Judgment]]'' on the wall of the [[Wikipedia:Sistine_Chapel|Sistine Chapel]]
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Conquest_of_Tunis|Conquest of Tunis]]
 +
: [[Wikipedia:John_Fisher|John Fisher]] executed (June 22)
 +
: [[Wikipedia:Thomas_More|Thomas More]] executed (July 6)
 +
*1536: [[Wikipedia:Anne_Boleyn|Anne Boleyn]] executed (May 19)
 +
: [[Henry_VIII|Henry VIII of England]] weds [[Wikipedia:Jane_Seymour|Jane Seymour]] (May 30)
 +
: [[Wikipedia:William_Tyndale|William Tyndale]] executed (September 6)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Pilgrimage_of_Grace|Pilgrimage of Grace]] (October)
 +
*1537: [[Wikipedia:Robert_Aske_%28political_leader%29|Robert Aske]] executed (July 12)
 +
: Birth of [[Lady_Jane_Grey|Lady Jane Grey]]
 +
: Birth of [[Wikipedia:Edward_VI_of_England|Edward VI of England]] (October 12)
 +
: Death of [[Wikipedia:Jane_Seymour|Jane Seymour]] (October 24)
 +
*1538: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Preveza|Battle of Preveza]] (September 28)
 +
*1539: [[Wikipedia:Richard_Whyting|Richard Whyting]], last [[Abbott]] of Glastonbury, executed (November 15)
  
 
===1540s===
 
===1540s===
*1542: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Haddon_Rig|Battle of Haddon Rig]] (August 24)
+
*1540: [[Henry_VIII|Henry VIII of England]] weds [[Wikipedia:Anne_of_Cleves|Anne of Cleves]] (January 6)
 +
: Marriage of [[Henry_VIII|Henry VIII of England]] and [[Wikipedia:Anne_of_Cleves|Anne of Cleves]] annulled (July 9)
 +
: [[Henry_VIII|Henry VIII of England]] weds [[Wikipedia:Catherine_Howard|Catherine Howard]] (July 28)
 +
*1541: [[Wikipedia:Jacques_Cartier|Jacques Cartier]], on his third voyage to the [[New_World|New World]], founds the colony of Charlesbourg-Royal (near what is now [[Wikipedia:Cap-Rouge|Cap-Rouge]], [[Wikipedia:Quebec|Quebec]])
 +
*1542: [[Wikipedia:Catherine_Howard|Catherine Howard]] executed (February 13)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Haddon_Rig|Battle of Haddon Rig]] (August 24)
 
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Solway_Moss|Battle of Solway Moss]] (November 24)
 
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Solway_Moss|Battle of Solway Moss]] (November 24)
 +
: Birth of [[Mary_Queen_of_Scots|Mary I of Scotland]] (December 8)
 +
: Death of [[James_V|James V of Scotland]] (December 14)
 
*1543: [[Copernicus]] publishes his [[theory]] of a [[heliocentric]] solar system
 
*1543: [[Copernicus]] publishes his [[theory]] of a [[heliocentric]] solar system
 +
: Coronation of [[Mary_Queen_of_Scots|Mary I of Scotland]] (September 9)
 +
: [[Henry_VIII|Henry VIII of England]] weds [[Wikipedia:Catherine_Parr|Catherine Parr]] (July 12)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Siege_of_Nice|Siege of Nice]] (August)
 +
*1544: [[Wikipedia:Ivan_IV|Ivan IV of Russia]] assumes power
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Ceresole|Battle of Ceresole]] (April 11)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Serravalle|Battle of Serravalle]] (June 2)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Siege_of_St._Dizier_%281544%29|Siege of St. Dizier]]
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Siege_of_Boulogne|Siege of Boulogne]] (July 19-September 18)
 
*1545: The first [[England|English]] [[book]] on archery, ''Toxophilus: The School of Shooting'' by [[Roger Ascham|Ascham]], is published
 
*1545: The first [[England|English]] [[book]] on archery, ''Toxophilus: The School of Shooting'' by [[Roger Ascham|Ascham]], is published
 
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Ancrum_Moor|Battle of Ancrum Moor]] (February 27)
 
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Ancrum_Moor|Battle of Ancrum Moor]] (February 27)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_the_Solent|Battle of the Solent]] (July 18-19)
 
: The [[Council of Trent]] (1545-1563)
 
: The [[Council of Trent]] (1545-1563)
*1547: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Pinkie_Cleugh|Battle of Pinkie Cleugh]] (September 10)
+
*1547: Death of [[Henry_VIII|Henry VIII of England]] (January 28)
 +
: Coronation of [[Wikipedia:Edward_VI_of_England|Edward VI of England]] (February 20)
 +
: Coronation of [[Wikipedia:Henry_II_of_France|Henry II of France]] (July 10)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Pinkie_Cleugh|Battle of Pinkie Cleugh]] (September 10)
 +
*1548: Death of [[Wikipedia:Catherine_Parr|Catherine Parr]] (September 5)
 +
*1549: Publication of the first ''[[Wikipedia:Book_of_Common_Prayer|Book of Common Prayer]]''
  
 
===1550s===
 
===1550s===
 +
*1550: [[Giorgio_Vasari|Giorgio Vasari]]'s ''[[Wikipedia:Lives_of_the_Most_Excellent_Painters%2C_Sculptors%2C_and_Architects|Vite delle più eccellenti pittori, scultori, ed architettori]]'' published
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Valladolid_debate|Valladolid debate]] (1550-1551)
 +
*1552: The [[Wikipedia:Siege_of_Eger|Siege of Eger]]
 +
*1553: Death of [[Wikipedia:Edward_VI_of_England|Edward VI of England]] (July 6)
 +
: Coronation of [[Lady_Jane_Grey|Lady Jane Grey]]
 +
: Coronation of [[Mary_I|Mary I of England]] (October 1)
 +
*1554: [[Lady_Jane_Grey|Lady Jane Grey]] executed (February 12)
 +
: Birth of [[Wikipedia:Sebastian_of_Portugal|Sebastian I of Portugal]] (June 11)
 +
: [[Wikipedia:Philip_II_of_Spain|Philip II of Spain]] weds [[Mary_I|Mary I of England]] (July 25)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Marciano|Battle of Marciano]] (August 2)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Renty|Battle of Renty]] (August 12)
 +
*1555: Construction begins on [[Wikipedia:St._Basil%27s_Cathedral|St. Basil's Cathedral]]
 +
: [[Wikipedia:John_Rogers_%28religious%29|John Rogers]] executed (February 4)
 +
: [[Wikipedia:Laurence_Saunders|Laurence Saunders]] executed (February 8)
 +
: [[Wikipedia:Rowland_Taylor|Rowland Taylor]] executed (February 9)
 +
: [[Wikipedia:John_Hooper|John Hooper]], Bishop of Gloucester, executed (February 9)
 +
*1557: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_St._Quentin_%281557%29|Battle of St. Quentin]] (August)
 +
: Death of [[Wikipedia:Anne_of_Cleves|Anne of Cleves]] (September 22)
 +
*1558: [[Wikipedia:Francis_II_of_France|Francis II of France]] weds [[Mary_Queen_of_Scots|Mary I of Scotland]]
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Gravelines_%281558%29|Battle of Gravelines]] (July 13)
 +
: Death of [[Mary_I|Mary I of England]] (November 17)
 +
*1559: Coronation of [[Elizabeth_I|Elizabeth I of England]]
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Act_of_Supremacy_1559|Second Act of Supremacy]]
 +
: [[Wikipedia:Philip_II_of_Spain|Philip II of Spain]] appoints [[Wikipedia:William_the_Silent|William the Silent]] as [[Wikipedia:Stadtholder|stadtholder]] of [[Holland]], Zeeland, [[Utrecht]], and [[Burgundy]]
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Peace_of_Cateau-Cambr%C3%A9sis|Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis]] is signed by [[Elizabeth_I|Elizabeth I of England]], [[Wikipedia:Henry_II_of_France|Henry II of France]], and [[Wikipedia:Philip_II_of_Spain|Philip II of Spain]] (April 2-3)
 +
: Death of [[Wikipedia:Henry_II_of_France|Henry II of France]] (July 10)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Rising_of_the_North|Revolt of the Northern Earls]]
  
 
===1560s===
 
===1560s===
 +
*1560: The [[Wikipedia:Amboise_conspiracy|Tumult of Amboise]] (March)
 +
: Death of [[Wikipedia:Francis_II_of_France|Francis II of France]] (December 5)
 +
*1561: [[Mary_Queen_of_Scots|Mary I of Scotland]] returns to [[Scotland]] (August 19)
 +
*1562: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Corrichie|Battle of Corrichie]]
 
*1563: Birth of [[Wikipedia:John_Dowland|John Dowland]]
 
*1563: Birth of [[Wikipedia:John_Dowland|John Dowland]]
 +
: [[Wikipedia:Thirty-Nine_Articles|Thirty-Nine Articles of Religion]] established
 +
: [[Wikipedia:John_Foxe|John Foxe's]] ''[[Wikipedia:Foxe%27s_Book_of_Martyrs|Book of Martyrs]]'' published by [[Wikipedia:John_Day_%28printer%29|John Day]]
 +
*1564: Birth of [[Galileo|Galileo Galilei]] (February 15)
 +
: Death of [[Wikipedia:Michelangelo|Michelangelo]] (February 18)
 +
: Birth of [[William_Shakespeare|William Shakespeare]] (April)
 +
*1565: The [[Wikipedia:Siege_of_Malta_%281565%29|Siege of Malta]]
 +
: [[Wikipedia:Henry_Stuart%2C_Lord_Darnley|Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley]] weds [[Mary_Queen_of_Scots|Mary I of Scotland]] (July 29)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Chaseabout_Raid|Chaseabout Raid]] (August 26)
 +
: The colony at [[Wikipedia:St._Augustine%2C_Florida|St. Augustine]] founded (September 8)
 +
*1566: [[Wikipedia:David_Rizzio|David Rizzio]] murdered (March 9)
 +
: Birth of [[James_VI|James VI of Scotland (James I of England)]] (June 19)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Szigetvar|Battle of Szigetvar]] (August 6-September 8)
 +
: Death of [[Wikipedia:Suleiman_the_Magnificent|Suleiman I of the Ottoman Empire]]
 +
: Death of [[Wikipedia:Diane_de_Poitiers|Diane de Poitiers]] (April 25)
 +
*1567: [[Wikipedia:Henry_Stuart%2C_Lord_Darnley|Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley]] assassinated (February 10)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Oosterweel|Battle of Oosterweel]] (March 13)
 +
: [[Wikipedia:James_Hepburn%2C_4th_Earl_of_Bothwell|James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell]] weds [[Mary_Queen_of_Scots|Mary I of Scotland]] (May 15)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Carberry_Hill|Battle of Carberry Hill]] (June 15)
 +
: Abdication of [[Mary_Queen_of_Scots|Mary I of Scotland]]; coronation of [[James_VI|James VI of Scotland]] (July 24)
 +
*1568: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Rheindalen|Battle of Rheindalen]] (April 23)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Langside|Battle of Langside]] (May 13)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Heiligerlee|Battle of Heiligerlee]] (May 23)
 +
: [[Mary_Queen_of_Scots|Mary I of Scotland]] imprisoned at [[Wikipedia:Carlisle|Carlisle]] (May 19)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Jemmingen|Battle of Jemmingen]] (July 21)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Jodoigne|Battle of Jodoigne]] (October 20)
 +
*1569: Beginning of the [[Wikipedia:Desmond_Rebellions#The_First_Desmond_Rebellion|First Desmond Rebellion]]
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Union_of_Lublin|Union of Lublin]], uniting [[Poland]] and [[Lithuania]], is signed (July 1)
  
 
===1570s===
 
===1570s===
 +
*1570: The [[Wikipedia:Ridolfi_plot|Ridolfi Plot]]
 +
*1571: The [[Wikipedia:Fire_of_Moscow_%281571%29|Fire of Moscow]]
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Lepanto_%281571%29|Battle of Lepanto]] (October 7)
 +
*1572: The [[Wikipedia:Capture_of_Brielle|Capture of Brielle]] (April 1)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Molodi|Battle of Molodi]] (July 30-August 3)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:St_Bartholomew%27s_Day_Massacre|St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre]] (August 24)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Siege_of_Haarlem|Siege of Haarlem]] begins (December 11)
 +
*1573: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Flushing|Battle of Flushing]] (April 17)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Borsele|Battle of Borsele]] (April 22)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_on_the_Zuiderzee|Battle on the Zuiderzee]] (October 11)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Siege_of_Leiden|Siege of Leiden]] begins (October)
 +
*1574: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Reimerswaal|Battle of Reimerswaal]] (January 29)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Mookerheyde|Battle of Mookerheyde]] (April 14)
 +
: Death of [[Giorgio_Vasari|Giorgio Vasari]] (June 27)
 +
: Birth of [[Wikipedia:Anne_of_Denmark|Anne of Denmark]] (December 12)
 +
*1575: Birth of [[Wikipedia:Arbella_Stuart|Arabella Stuart]]
 +
*1577: Birth of [[Wikipedia:Christian_IV_of_Denmark|Christian IV of Denmark]] (April 12)
 +
: [[Francis_Drake|Francis Drake]] sets sail on an expedition against the [[Spain|Spanish]] colonies in the [[New_World|New World]]
 +
*1578: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Gembloux|Battle of Gembloux]] (January 31)
 +
: Death of [[Wikipedia:James_Hepburn%2C_4th_Earl_of_Bothwell|James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell]] (April 14)
 +
: Death of [[Wikipedia:Sebastian_of_Portugal|Sebastian I of Portugal]] (August 4)
 +
*1579: The [[Wikipedia:Second_Desmond_Rebellion|Second Desmond Rebellion]] (1579-1583)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Siege_of_Maastricht_%281579%29]] (March 12-July 1)
 +
: [[Francis_Drake|Francis Drake]] lands at [[Wikipedia:New_Albion|New Albion]] (June 17)
  
 
===1580s===
 
===1580s===
 +
*1580: [[Spain]] annexes [[Portugal]]
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Treaty_of_Plessis-les-Tours|Treaty of Plessis-les-Tours]]
 +
: Death of [[Wikipedia:William_the_Silent|William the Silent]] (July 10)
 +
: [[Francis_Drake|Francis Drake]] returns to [[England]] after circumnavigating the [[Earth]] (September 26)
 +
*1581: [[Wikipedia:Ivan_IV|Ivan IV of Russia]] kills his son
 +
: [[Francis_Drake|Francis Drake]] [[knight]]ed by [[Elizabeth_I|Elizabeth I of England]] (April 4)
 +
*1582: [[Wikipedia:Pope_Gregory_XIII|Pope Gregory XIII]] decrees the [[Wikipedia:Gregorian_calendar|Gregorian calendar]]
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Punta_Delgada|Battle of Punta Delgada]] (July 26)
 +
*1584: Death of [[Wikipedia:Ivan_IV|Ivan IV of Russia]]
 +
: [[Wikipedia:Walter_Raleigh|Sir Walter Raleigh]] establishes the first [[England|English]] colony in the [[New_World|New World]] at [[Wikipedia:Roanoke_Island|Roanoke Island]] (June 4)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Siege_of_Antwerp_%281584-1585%29]]Siege of Antwerp]] (July 1584-August 1585)
 +
*1586: The [[Wikipedia:Babington_Plot|Babington Plot]]
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Boksum|Battle of Boksum]] (January 17)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Zutphen|Battle of Zutphen]] (September 22)
 +
*1587: [[Mary_Queen_of_Scots|Mary I of Scotland]] executed (February 8)
 +
: [[Christopher_Marlowe|Christopher Marlowe]]'s first known play performed on the [[London]] stage
 +
*1588: The [[Wikipedia:Spanish_Armada#Battle_of_Gravelines|Battle of Gravelines]] (defeat of the [[Wikipedia:Spanish_Armada|Spanish Armada]]) (August 8)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Siege_of_Bergen-op-Zoom_%281588%29|Siege of Bergen-op-Zoom]] (September 23-November 13)
 +
*1589: Death of [[Catherine_de%27_Medici|Catherine de' Medici]] (January 5)
 +
: [[James_VI|James VI of Scotland]] weds [[Wikipedia:Anne_of_Denmark|Anne of Denmark]] (November 23)
  
 
===1590s===
 
===1590s===
 +
*1590: The [[Wikipedia:North_Berwick_witch_trials|North Berwick Witch Trials]]
 +
*1593: [[Galileo]] builds a [[Wikipedia:Thermometer|thermometer]]
 +
: Death of [[Christopher_Marlowe|Christopher Marlowe]] (May 30)
 +
: Beginning of the [[Wikipedia:Long_War_%28Ottoman_wars%29|Thirteen Years' War]] (July 29)
 +
*1594: Birth of [[Wikipedia:Henry_Frederick%2C_Prince_of_Wales|Henry Frederick]] (February 19)
 
*1595: The [[England|English]] [[longbow]] retired as a frontline [[weapon]]
 
*1595: The [[England|English]] [[longbow]] retired as a frontline [[weapon]]
 +
*1596: Death of [[Francis_Drake|Francis Drake]] (January 27)
 +
: Coronation of [[Wikipedia:Christian_IV_of_Denmark|Christian IV of Denmark]] (August 29)
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Keresztes|Battle of Keresztes]] (October 24-26)
 
*1597: [[Wikipedia:John_Dowland|John Dowland]]'s ''First Booke of Songs'' published, marking the start of "The [[England|English]] [[Lute]] School"
 
*1597: [[Wikipedia:John_Dowland|John Dowland]]'s ''First Booke of Songs'' published, marking the start of "The [[England|English]] [[Lute]] School"
 +
: The [[Wikipedia:Battle_of_Turnhout_%281597%29|Battle of Turnhout]] (January 24)
 +
*1599: The [[Wikipedia:Globe_Theatre|Globe Theatre]] is built
  
 
== Significant people ==
 
== Significant people ==
Line 52: Line 266:
 
* [[Michelangelo Buonarroti]]
 
* [[Michelangelo Buonarroti]]
 
* [[Martin Luther]]
 
* [[Martin Luther]]
 +
* [[Christopher Marlowe]]
 
* [[William Shakespeare]]
 
* [[William Shakespeare]]
 
* [[Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor]]
 
* [[Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor]]
*[[Roger Ascham]]
+
* [[Roger Ascham]]
 +
* Albrecht Dürer
 +
 
 
==Some Groups that Cover this Period==
 
==Some Groups that Cover this Period==
 
*[[SCA]]
 
*[[SCA]]
 +
*[http://moas.atlantia.sca.org/wsnlinks/index.php?action=displaycat&catid=361 Atlantian A&S Links: 16th Century Living History Societies]
  
 
==Internal Links==
 
==Internal Links==
Line 71: Line 289:
 
* Female [[Germany|German]] 16th century dress - http://frazzledfrau.glittersweet.com/
 
* Female [[Germany|German]] 16th century dress - http://frazzledfrau.glittersweet.com/
 
* [[Venice|Venetian]] Women's Dress Recreated - http://www.geocities.com/oonaghsown/
 
* [[Venice|Venetian]] Women's Dress Recreated - http://www.geocities.com/oonaghsown/
* Venetian Women's Dress Images - http://au.geocities.com/bella_lucia_da_verona/index.htm
+
* The Realm of Venus - Fashion and Style in Renaissance Italy - http://realmofvenus.renaissanceitaly.net/
 
* [[Turkey|Turkish]] Women's Coat - http://www.geocities.com/oonaghsown/turkish_coat_for_venice.htm
 
* [[Turkey|Turkish]] Women's Coat - http://www.geocities.com/oonaghsown/turkish_coat_for_venice.htm
 
* [[Spain|Spanish]] women's [[court]] garb - http://sayaespanola.glittersweet.com
 
* [[Spain|Spanish]] women's [[court]] garb - http://sayaespanola.glittersweet.com
 +
* [http://moas.atlantia.sca.org/wsnlinks Atlantian A&S Links]: [http://moas.atlantia.sca.org/wsnlinks/index.php?action=displaycat&catid=126 16th Century Clothing], [http://moas.atlantia.sca.org/wsnlinks/index.php?action=displaycat&catid=701 16th Century Cuisine], and [http://moas.atlantia.sca.org/wsnlinks/index.php?action=displaycat&catid=1062 16th Century Calligraphy & Illumination]
 +
 
[[category:16th century]]
 
[[category:16th century]]

Latest revision as of 07:04, 18 September 2011

Events

1500s

The Battle of Lepanto (August)
Michelangelo begins sculpting David and The Madonna of Bruges
Death of Arthur Tudor (April 2)
The Battle of Ruvo (February 23)
The Battle of Cerignola (April 21)
The Battle of Garigliano (December 29)
Death of Henry VII of England (April 21)
The Battle of Agnadello (May 14)
Henry VIII of England weds Catherine of Aragon (June 11)
Coronation of Henry VIII of England (June 28)
The Siege of Padua (July 17)
The Battle of Polesella (December 22)

1510s

Death of the first Henry, Duke of Cornwall (February 11)
Birth of Giorgio Vasari (July 30)
The Battle of Ravenna (April 11)
The Battle of St. Mathieu (August 10)
Jorge Álvares reaches China (May)
The Battle of Novara (June 6)
The Battle of Guinegate (August 16)
James IV of Scotland dies at the Battle of Flodden Field (September 9); coronation of James V (September 21)
The Battle of La Motta (October 7)
The Battle of Orsha (September 8)
Birth and death of the second Henry, Duke of Cornwall (December)
Birth of Anne of Cleves (September 22)
Birth of Mary I of England (February 18)
The War of Urbino
Birth of Catherine de' Medici (April 13)
Death of Leonardo da Vinci (May 2)
Departure of Magellan's voyage to circumnavigate the Earth


1520s

Death of Magellan (April 27)
The Battle of Pamplona (May 20)
The Battle of Esquiroz (June 30)
The Siege of Mézières
Suleiman captures the fort at Belgrade and razes most of the city to the ground (August 28)
The Siege of Tournai
The Siege of Genoa (May 20-30)
The Siege of Marseille (August-September)
The Peasants' War (1524-May 15, 1525)
Francis I of France signs the Treaty of Madrid, surrendering France's claims to Italy, Flanders, and Burgundy
The Battle of Mohács (August 29)
The Siege of Florence (1529-1530)

1530s

Death of Babur (December 26)
Birth of William the Silent (April 24)
Pope Clement VII excommunicates Henry VIII of England (July)
The Battle of Gavinana
Birth of Elizabeth I of England (September 7)
Henry II of France weds Catherine de' Medici (October 28)
The First Act of Supremacy (November)
The Treasons Act
The First Succession Act
The Conquest of Tunis
John Fisher executed (June 22)
Thomas More executed (July 6)
Henry VIII of England weds Jane Seymour (May 30)
William Tyndale executed (September 6)
The Pilgrimage of Grace (October)
Birth of Lady Jane Grey
Birth of Edward VI of England (October 12)
Death of Jane Seymour (October 24)

1540s

Marriage of Henry VIII of England and Anne of Cleves annulled (July 9)
Henry VIII of England weds Catherine Howard (July 28)
The Battle of Haddon Rig (August 24)
The Battle of Solway Moss (November 24)
Birth of Mary I of Scotland (December 8)
Death of James V of Scotland (December 14)
Coronation of Mary I of Scotland (September 9)
Henry VIII of England weds Catherine Parr (July 12)
The Siege of Nice (August)
The Battle of Ceresole (April 11)
The Battle of Serravalle (June 2)
The Siege of St. Dizier
The Siege of Boulogne (July 19-September 18)
  • 1545: The first English book on archery, Toxophilus: The School of Shooting by Ascham, is published
The Battle of Ancrum Moor (February 27)
The Battle of the Solent (July 18-19)
The Council of Trent (1545-1563)
Coronation of Edward VI of England (February 20)
Coronation of Henry II of France (July 10)
The Battle of Pinkie Cleugh (September 10)

1550s

The Valladolid debate (1550-1551)
Coronation of Lady Jane Grey
Coronation of Mary I of England (October 1)
Birth of Sebastian I of Portugal (June 11)
Philip II of Spain weds Mary I of England (July 25)
The Battle of Marciano (August 2)
The Battle of Renty (August 12)
John Rogers executed (February 4)
Laurence Saunders executed (February 8)
Rowland Taylor executed (February 9)
John Hooper, Bishop of Gloucester, executed (February 9)
Death of Anne of Cleves (September 22)
The Battle of Gravelines (July 13)
Death of Mary I of England (November 17)
The Second Act of Supremacy
Philip II of Spain appoints William the Silent as stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, and Burgundy
The Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis is signed by Elizabeth I of England, Henry II of France, and Philip II of Spain (April 2-3)
Death of Henry II of France (July 10)
The Revolt of the Northern Earls

1560s

Death of Francis II of France (December 5)
Thirty-Nine Articles of Religion established
John Foxe's Book of Martyrs published by John Day
Death of Michelangelo (February 18)
Birth of William Shakespeare (April)
Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley weds Mary I of Scotland (July 29)
The Chaseabout Raid (August 26)
The colony at St. Augustine founded (September 8)
Birth of James VI of Scotland (James I of England) (June 19)
The Battle of Szigetvar (August 6-September 8)
Death of Suleiman I of the Ottoman Empire
Death of Diane de Poitiers (April 25)
The Battle of Oosterweel (March 13)
James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell weds Mary I of Scotland (May 15)
The Battle of Carberry Hill (June 15)
Abdication of Mary I of Scotland; coronation of James VI of Scotland (July 24)
The Battle of Langside (May 13)
The Battle of Heiligerlee (May 23)
Mary I of Scotland imprisoned at Carlisle (May 19)
The Battle of Jemmingen (July 21)
The Battle of Jodoigne (October 20)
The Union of Lublin, uniting Poland and Lithuania, is signed (July 1)

1570s

The Battle of Lepanto (October 7)
The Battle of Molodi (July 30-August 3)
The St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre (August 24)
The Siege of Haarlem begins (December 11)
The Battle of Borsele (April 22)
The Battle on the Zuiderzee (October 11)
The Siege of Leiden begins (October)
The Battle of Mookerheyde (April 14)
Death of Giorgio Vasari (June 27)
Birth of Anne of Denmark (December 12)
Francis Drake sets sail on an expedition against the Spanish colonies in the New World
Death of James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell (April 14)
Death of Sebastian I of Portugal (August 4)
The Wikipedia:Siege_of_Maastricht_(1579) (March 12-July 1)
Francis Drake lands at New Albion (June 17)

1580s

The Treaty of Plessis-les-Tours
Death of William the Silent (July 10)
Francis Drake returns to England after circumnavigating the Earth (September 26)
Francis Drake knighted by Elizabeth I of England (April 4)
The Battle of Punta Delgada (July 26)
Sir Walter Raleigh establishes the first English colony in the New World at Roanoke Island (June 4)
The Wikipedia:Siege_of_Antwerp_(1584-1585)Siege of Antwerp]] (July 1584-August 1585)
The Battle of Boksum (January 17)
The Battle of Zutphen (September 22)
Christopher Marlowe's first known play performed on the London stage
The Siege of Bergen-op-Zoom (September 23-November 13)
James VI of Scotland weds Anne of Denmark (November 23)

1590s

Death of Christopher Marlowe (May 30)
Beginning of the Thirteen Years' War (July 29)
Coronation of Christian IV of Denmark (August 29)
The Battle of Keresztes (October 24-26)
The Battle of Turnhout (January 24)

Significant people

Some Groups that Cover this Period

Internal Links

See Also:

External Links