Byzantine Names

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A Short (and rough) Guide to Byzantine Names for SCA personae

This is a listing of names that may be useful for constructing Byzantine persona. Please note that this is compiled by a non-historian and non-Mongol Names.

Family Name



A

  • Acropolites (BM 246) George, megas logothetes
  • Adralestos (AC 418) diplomat
  • Agapetes (AC 521) John, 12c patriarch
  • Akindynos (BL 69) Gregory 14c monk,
  • Akritas / Acritas ()Basil Digenis - soldier and hero of an epic poem
  • Akropolites (BL 42) Constantine, scholar 13c,
  • Alyates (AC 409) general
  • Amenas (BM 585) Michael
  • Ampelas (AC 455) 12c general,
  • Anargyrus (BL 93) Cosmas & Damian saints,
  • Anemas (AC 382) Michael, 12c rebel,
  • Angelus (fem Angelina) Isaac II, 1185-1195; Alexius III, 1195-1203, Alexius IV, 1203-1204
  • Anicia (BM 203) Juliana
  • Antiochi (AC 382) rebel family,
  • Apion () country family founded by Theodore John, family records date 488-625
  • Apokaukos / Apocaucus (BL 86) John (BM 223) Alexius, megas doux
  • Argyrus (BM 145) Romanus III, 1028-1034
  • Aristenos (PL 562) Alexios was a jurist and commentator on canon law 9c,
  • Asen (fem Asenina) (BL 71) Eirene Asenina Cantacuzene, Empress 1347-1354, John III Asen was 13c Tsar of Bulgaria
  • Asidenus (BM 107) Sabbas, 13c sebastokrator
  • Aspietes (BM 129) Michael
  • Attaleiates (PL 584) 11c judge
  • Atticus (AC 495) grammarian,
  • Autoreianus (BM 444) Michael, patriarch of Constantinople

B

  • Balsamon (PL 562) patriarch of Antioch 9c,
  • Baradaeus (AC 465) Jacob, 6c Monophysite leader,
  • Barsymes (BM 243) Peter
  • Basilacius (BM 585) George
  • Basilides (BM 630) magister
  • Bekkos (BL 38) John, 13c patriarch,
  • Berhoiotes (BM 440) George, megas diermeneutes
  • Blastares (MoL 193) Michael, 14c legal commentator,
  • Boilas (PL 572) Eustathius
  • Botaniates (BM 65) Nicephorus III, 1078-81
  • Boutoumites (AC 271) soldier of Alexius I,
  • Branaina (BL 4) Theodora, nun
  • Branas (BM 48) Akexius, 12c
  • Briennius / Bryennius () Nicephorus, husband of Anna Comnena
  • Bringas (BM 137) Michael VI 1056-7
  • Burtzes (AC 481) Michael, 10c general,
  • Butumites (BM 56) Manual
  • Byzantios (BM 160)

C

  • Cabasilis (AC 408) Alexander, general
  • Callinicus (AC 517) 6c inventor of Greek fire,
  • Caloethus (BM 441) Nicholas, grammatikus
  • Camaterus (BM 444) John X, patriarch of Constantinople
  • Camytzes (BM 106) Manual, protostrator 1201v
  • Cantacuzenus (BM 161) John VI, 1347-1354)
  • Castamonites (AC 382) Nicetas, 12c rebel,
  • Catacalon (AC 289, PL 608) Cecaumenus
  • Cephalas (BM 106) family
  • Cerularius (PL 589) Michael I patriarch of Constantinople 11c,
  • Chalintzes (AC 357) Nicetas, diplomat
  • Cheilas (BP 138) Nikephorus, 15c courtier
  • Choniates (BM 435) Nicetas, doux
  • Chortasmenos (BP 139) 15c theologian,
  • Choumnos (fem Choumnaina) (BL 59) Eirene-Eulogia Choumnaina Palaiologina, <Princess and Abbess 14c,v
  • Chrysoberges (BP 143) Andrew, 15 c Latin convert,
  • Chrysokokkes (BP 129) George 15c scholar,
  • Chrysoloras (BP 139) Manuel 15c theologian,
  • Cinnamus (BM 38) John, writer
  • Climacus (PL 623) theologian ("Climacus" means "of the ladder" and was an epithet of this particular St. John, taken from the title of his most famous work, "The Ladder of Divine Ascent". It probably would not be used as a surname for anyone else.)
  • Comnenus (BM 137) Isaac I, 1057-1059; Alexius I, 1081-1118 rest of dynasty to 1185
  • Constantine () Tiberius II, 578-582
  • Contostephanus (AC 388) Issac
  • Critopoulo (BM 538) Chostantin
  • Curcuas (PL 592) John, a 10c general
  • Cydones (BP 143) Demetrios 15c Latin convert,

D

  • Dabatenus (AC 386) dux of Trebizond,
  • Dalassena (AC 270) thalassocrator under Alexius I, (PL 573) maiden name of Anna, mother of Alexius I
  • Dandalo (BM 334) Enrico, patriarch of Grado
  • Daphopates (PL 618) Theodorus, secretary to Romanus I,
  • Diogenes (BM 124) Romanus IV, 1068-1071
  • Doukas (fem Doukaina) (BL 11) Helena, Queen of the Two Sicilies 1258-1266, (BL 12) father despot of Epiros
  • Ducas (fem Ducaena) (BM159) Constantine X, basilicus 1059-1067; Alexius V, * basilicus 1204

E

  • Eirenikos (BM 444) Theodore II, patriarch of Constantinople
  • Eroticus (AC 335) Manuel 10c prefect,
  • Eudocia (BM201) Aelia, augusta, wife of Theodosius II
  • Eudoxia (BM 201) Licinia, augusta, wife of Valenetinian III
  • Eugenikos (BP 135) Mark, 15c theologian,
  • Euphorbenus (AC 271) soldier of Alexius I,
  • Eustathius (AC 363) Grand Dungarius,
  • Exazenus (AC 390) Hyaleas, rebel

F

  • Ferro (BM230) brothers
  • Flaccilla (BM 491) Aelia, augusta, first wife of Theodosius I

G

  • Gabalas (BM 525) John
  • Gabras (AC 350) Theodore, general,
  • Garidas (AC 521) Eustratius, 11c patriarch,
  • Gemistos (BP 130) 15c scholar,
  • Genesius (BM 224) Joseph


H

  • Harmenopoulos (MoL 241) 14c jurist,
  • Himerius (PL 599) protospatharios
  • Holobolos (BL 36) Manuel,
  • Humbertopoulos (AC 298) general of Alexius I,
  • Hyrtakenos (BL 56) 14c scholar,

I

  • Indicopleustes () Cosmas was a trader and writer of an account of a journey to Malabar in 522
  • Ingerina (PL 574) Eudocia was mistress to Michael III,

K

  • Kabasilas (BL 93) Nicholas,
  • Kalekas (BL 86) 14c patriarch,
  • Kalliergis (BL 105) Zacherias was 15c refugee & printer of Greek texts,
  • Kallistos (BL 78) 14c patriarch,
  • Kamytzes (AC 408) Eustathius, 12c general,
  • Kaspax (AC 346) admiral,
  • Kommene (BL 120) Helena Cantacuzene Kommene, Empress of Trebizond 15c
  • Kymineianus (AC 304) Drungarius under Alexius I
  • Kyrdiniates (AC 499) Nicholas, 11c patriarch,

L

  • Lagudes (PL 611)
  • Lampenos (BL 56) Alexios,
  • Lascaris (fem Laskarina) () Theodore I, basilicus 1204-1222; Theodore II, basilicus 1254-1259; John IV, basilicus 1258-1261
  • Lebournes (AC 455) George, 12c general,
  • Lecapenus () Romanus I, basilicus 920-944
  • Longibardus (AC 495) John, grammarian,

M

  • Macrembolitissa () Eudocia, Empress 1067-1068
  • Macroducas (BM 128) Constantine
  • Malalas (BP 12) John, historian
  • Maleinus (PL 568) Eustathius was a magnate under Basil II,
  • Manautius (BL 105) Aldus was 15c refugee & printer of Greek texts,
  • Mangaphas (BM 438) Theodore
  • Maniaces (BM 281) George
  • Maurocatacalon (BM 267) Gregory
  • Mauropus (BM 140) John, writer
  • Maurozomes (BM 128) Theodore
  • Mavrocatalon (AC 314) Nicolas, admiral
  • Melissenus (BM 428) Nicephorus
  • Mesopotamites (BM 431) George, doux
  • Metochites (BL 42) Theodore was Megas Logothete in 1305
  • Monasteriotes (BM 587) Leo, krites
  • Monomachus (BM 137) Constantine IX, basilicus 1042-1055
  • Moschus () John wrote a Lives of the Saints in the 6c
  • Mouzalon (BL 34) George, husband of Theodora Raoulina,
  • Musurus (BL 107) 15c refugee family,

N

  • Nazianzen (PL 557) Gregory wrotea collection of sermons 11c,
  • Nepos (BM 405) Julius
  • Nicephorus (AC 390) Hyaleas
  • Nicerite (AC 408) Leo 12c general,
  • Nicomachi () consular family
  • Nikerites (BL 105) John 12c mega dux of Cyprus,
  • Notaras (BL 96) Anna Notaras Palaiologina died 1507,

O

  • Opsaras (BM 191) John
  • Oresme (BM 517) Nicholas, writer
  • Ouranus (BM 610) Nicephorus, doux

P

  • Pachymeres (BM 47) George, writer
  • Paidianites (BM 584) Anna
  • Pakourianus, 11c general "born of a noble family in Armenia" (Ana Comnena,The Alexiad, 2003, p.81).
  • Palaeologus (female Palaeologina) (BM 114) Michael VIII, basilicus 1261-1282
  • Palamas (BL 68) Gregory, 14c saint,
  • Panaretos (BL 122) Michael, Trebizond historian,
  • Panoukomites (AC 370) Nicetas, diplomat,
  • Pepagomenos (BP 138) Demetrios, 15c courtier,
  • Petraliphas (BL 15) originally Norman, became noble,, Theodora became wife of the Despot of Epiros
  • Petzeas (AC 372) 12c general,
  • Philes (BL 56) court poet 14c
  • Philanthropenos (BL 46) rebel general 13c,
  • Philokales / Philocales (AC 362) Eumathios, 12c admiral,
  • Phocas (BM 104) Nicephorus II, basilicus 963-969)
  • Placidia (BM 365) Galla
  • Plakanos (BM 584) Leo
  • Planoudes (BL 40) Manuel, court poet,
  • Plocamus (BM 277) Annius, publican
  • Plousiadenos (BL 99) John, priest,
  • Procopius (BP 12) historian
  • Prodromos (BP 104) Theodore 12c poet
  • Psellus (BM 137) Michael, 12c scholar
  • Psyllus (AC 397) Basil,
  • Ptochoprodromos (BP 105) 12c poet,
  • Pulcheria (BM 365) Aelia, wife of Theodosius III
  • Pyrrhos (BM 584) Theophanes

R -813

  • Raoul (fem Raoulaina) (BL 33) Theodora was a nun and scholar 13c, the family was originally Norman
  • Rizocopus (BM 669) John, patrician and exarch
  • Rshtuni (BM 621) Theodore

S

  • Sclerus (PL 556) Bardas, general and rival of Basil II,
  • Scylitzes (BM 103) John
  • Servopoulos (BL 99) Frankoulis
  • Sidonius (BM 247) Apollinaris, writer
  • Sgouros (BM 437) Leo
  • Skaliarius (AC 409) Turk convert and general,
  • Solomon (AC 382) John, senator,
  • Sophianos (BP 138) Paul, 15c courtier,
  • Spandounes (BL 104) Matthew, 15c refugee family,
  • Stethatus (PL 612) 11c,
  • Strategopoulos (BL 18) Alexios, general 13c
  • Stypiotes (AC 474) Michael, soldier,
  • Symmachus (BM 248) consular family

T

  • Tarchaniotes (AC 299) gen under Alexius I,
  • Taronites (BM 431) John, sebatos
  • Tarsites (BL 105) John, 12c scholar,
  • Tornikes (PL 627) George, 12c priest
  • Tornices (BM 137) Leo
  • Tzamblakon (BM 212) Demetrius, megas stratopedarkhes
  • Tzetzes (BM 507) John, writer
  • Tzimisces (BM 104) John I, basilicus 969-976
  • Tzintzloukes (AC 353) Andronicus, general,
  • Tzipoureles (AC 455) 12c general,
  • Tzourillas (PL 639) John, Bogomile preacher

V - Z

  • Vatatzes (BM 129) John III, basilicus 1222-1254
  • Verinus / Verina (BM 491) Aelia wife of Leo I
  • Vlastos (BL 107) 15c refugee family
  • Xanthopoulus (BM 444) Nicephorus Callistus (locative?), writer
  • Xerus (BM 585) Bardas
  • Xylokarabes (BL 117) Mark, 15c contender for patriarch
  • Zautzes (BM 302) Stylianus
  • Zonaras (PL 562) John was a jurist and commentator on canon law, c9,

Male First Names

A

  • Abramius (BP 2)
  • Achmet (PL 564) author
  • Adrian () son-in-law Constantine X
  • Aemilianus (BM 581) patriarch of Antioch
  • Alakaseus (AC 303) spy of Alexius I,
  • Alexander (BM 197) emperor 912-913
  • Alexandros (PL 571) Metropolitan of Nicea
  • Alexius / Alexios (BM 6) several, first is 1081-1118
  • Ammonathas (BP 8) monophystite priest
  • Ammonios (BM 347) komes
  • Amyntas (BM 54) of Galatia
  • Anastasius (BP 13) several, first is 491-518
  • Andronicus / Andronikos (BM 88) several, first is 1183-1185
  • Annius (BM 277) Plocamus
  • Anthemius (BM 219) architect of Constantinople for Justinian I, () another is Prefect of the East under Constantine I
  • Apasios (BP 92)
  • Apion (BM 464)
  • Appollos (BM 347) hypodektes of Ammonios
  • Apocauchus () High Admiral in 1346
  • Areobindus () Consul in 506
  • Arcadius (BM 17) Emperor 395-408
  • Archelus (BM 389)
  • Arintheus (BM 366)
  • Armatus (BM243)
  • Arsenios (BL 33) patriarch 13c,
  • Artemios (tb 27) saint,
  • Artavasdus () 741-743
  • Athanasios (BL 2) patriarch 14c,
  • Asticus (BM 461)
  • Autoreianas (BL 41)

B

  • Bacchus / Bakchos (MoL 145) saint, married to St Serge
  • Bardas (PL556) founder of Magnaura University, another a rival of Basil II,
  • Basil (BM 196) several, first is 867-886
  • Basilicus (BM 398) 475-476
  • Belisarius (BM 165) general under Justinian
  • Bessarion (BP 128) religious name of 15c cleric who became a Latin Cardinal,

C

  • Caecilianus (BM 331)
  • Callinicus (BM 410) patricus
  • Calliparius (BM 430) krites kai exisotes
  • Candidus (BM 261) bishop of Sergiopolis
  • Carausius (BM 378)
  • Catacalon (BM 581) Tarchaneiotes
  • Cecaumenus (PL 608) aristocrat 11c,
  • Chostantin (BM 538) Critopoulo
  • Christodoulos () first Abbot of St John at Patmos 11c
  • Comentiolus (BM 415) brother of Phocas
  • Constans (BM 222) 641-668
  • Constantine (BM 280) 668-85
  • Cosmas (BM 656) general, also trader and writer of an account of a journey to Malabar in 522, also patriarch under Alexius I, name also used by Bulgars
  • Curticius (AC 382) Basilacius, 12c rebel,
  • Cyril / Cyrillus () Saint and missionary

D

  • Dabatenus (BM 438) doux
  • Damian (BL 93) saint
  • Daniel (BM 112) abbot
  • David () Emperor of Trebizond 1458-1461)
  • Demetrius / Demetrios (BL 49) saint, patron of Thessalonika
  • Dionysios (BL 117) 15c bishop of Philippopolis,
  • Domnus (BM 377) magister
  • Dositheos (BP 129) 15c metropolitan,

E

  • Elias (AC 314)
  • Enrico (BM 334) Dandalo, patriarch of Grado
  • Epiphanius (BM 268) protospatharios
  • Eudaemon (BM 316)
  • Eufasius (BM 329)
  • Eumathius / Eumathios (AC 353) , dux of Cyprus,
  • Eustathius (AC 304) Drungarius under Alexius I, (PL 561) a judge early 11c,
  • Eustratius (AC 521) Garidas, 11c patriarch,
  • Euthymius (PL 562) monk 11c,
  • Evaristus (PL 569) monk,

F

  • Falkon (PL 602)
  • Felicianus (BM 380)
  • Festus (BM 490) caput senatus
  • Frankoulis (BL 99) Servopoulos,

G

  • Genesios (PL 602) son of Falkon,
  • Gennadios (BL 9) Scholarios, patriarch 15c under Ottomans,
  • George () Emperor of Trebizond 1266-1280
  • Gregorios (PL 584) domestikos
  • Gregory () nephew Alexius I

H

  • Habib (BP 8) monophystite monk
  • Heraclius (BM 17) Emperor 610-641
  • Heraclonas (BM 625) Emperor 641
  • Hilarion (BP 5) saint
  • Hyaleas (AC 382) Exzenius, rebel,
  • Hypatius (BP 18), (tb 24) also bishop of Ephesus

I

  • Iasitas () brother-in-law John II
  • Isaac (BM 137) several, first is 1057-1059
  • Isidore (BP 139) 15c heiromonk,

J

  • Jacob (BM 317)
  • Joasaph (BL 78) monastic name of e John VI Cantacuzene
  • John (BM 656) diakonos
  • Joshua (BM 174) the Stylite
  • Justin (BM 177) several, first is 518-527
  • Justinian (BM 7) several, first is 527-565

K

  • Kalamodios (BM 245) 12c money lender
  • Karas (AC 409) soldier,
  • Katarodon (AC 454) 12c soldier,
  • Kostas (PL 572) nephew of a Gemma, 11c,
  • Koulean (AC 467) 12c Manichean preacher,
  • Kousinos (AC 467) 12c Manichean preacher
  • Ktenas (BM 186) protospathios

L

  • Leo (BM 175) several, first is 457-474
  • Leonard (BM 545) of Chios, writer
  • Leontius (BM 421) Emperor 695-698, also 6-7c bishop of Neopolis
  • Libanius (BM 59)
  • Limenius (BM 388)
  • Longinius (BM 194)
  • Lydas (BP 12) John, writer
  • Lysas (BM 277) freedman of Annius Plocamus

M

  • Macarius (BP 2) saint
  • Macedonius (BM 190) patriarch of Constantinople
  • Magnentius (BM 233)
  • Manuel (BM 55) several, first is 1143-1180)
  • Marcellinus (BP 17)
  • Mare (BP 8) monophystite monk
  • Mark (BL 117) Xylokarabes 15c contender for patriarch,
  • Marcian () 450-457)
  • Marianus (AC 302) Mavrocatacalon
  • Maro (BP 1) monophystite saint
  • Matthew () 1353-1357)
  • Maurice () 582-602)
  • Maximian () Bishop under Justinian
  • Maximos (BL 40) Planoudes, court poet
  • Melania (BM 202) the Younger
  • Melitas (BL 43) scribe of patriarch Gregory II,
  • Methodius () Saint and missionary
  • Mezezius (BM 421)
  • Michael (BM 197) several, first is 811-813
  • Moagaritos (BM 361)
  • Modestos (BM 472)
  • Mossele (PL 583) Armenian, founded a monastery,

N

  • Narses (BM 332)
  • Nathaniel (BL 65) monastic name of Nicephoros Choumnas
  • Neboulus (BM 631)
  • Neon (BM 298) archon
  • Neophytos (BP 93) 12c monk,
  • Nicephorus / Nikephoros () husband of Anna Comnena
  • Nicetas (PL 612)
  • Nicholas (AC 294) patriarch under Alexius I,
  • Nikephoros (BL 50) Gregoras, historian

O

  • Olympiodorus (BM 192) of Thebes, writer

P

  • Pachomius (BP 2) saint
  • Palladius (BP 6) chronicler
  • Pamphronius (BM 407) patrikios
  • Panterius () soldier, helped repel Kievian Rus in 941
  • Parasceviotes (AC 499) jailer,
  • Paul (BP 138) Sophianos, 15c courtier,
  • Peter (BM 243) Barsymes
  • Petros (PL 572) nephew of a Gemma, 11c,
  • Philaretus / Philaretos (BM 419) Patriarch 8c
  • Philippicus () 711-715
  • Philoromus (BP 8) monk
  • Philotheos (BL 2) patriarch 14c,
  • Phocas () 602-610)
  • Pholos (AC 467) 12c Manichean preacher,
  • Photius () 10c patriarch and scholar
  • Poemon (BP 6) ropemaker and saint
  • Probus (BM 202) senator
  • Psellus (PL 603) author,
  • Psidias () 7c poet

R

  • Romanus () several, first is 920-944

S

  • Sabas (BP 5) saint
  • Sabbas (BM 107) Asidenus, 13c sebastokrator
  • Sergius / Serge (BP 3 / MoL 145)
  • Silvanus (BP 6) saint
  • Sissinius (PL 595) patriarch? 10c,
  • Sophronius (BP 39) 7c patriarch of Jerusalem,
  • Sphrantzes (BL 96) George, historian,
  • Stauracius () 811
  • Stephanos (PL 583) eunuch and admiral, later monk.
  • Strategius () member of the Apion family
  • Stylianus (AC 495) fem is Styliane
  • Symeon (BL 117) of Trebizond, 15c contender for patriarch,
  • Syncletia (BP 2)

T

  • Tarasios (tb 26) 8c patriarch,
  • Taticus (AC 343)
  • Theodore (BM 118) several, first is 1204-1222
  • Theodoret (BP 5) hagiographer
  • Theodosius (BM 224) 408-450
  • Theoleptos (BL 61) 13c bishop of Philadelphia
  • Theopemptus (BM 658) logothete
  • Theophanes (BL 44) 9c saint
  • Theophano (BM 270) nephew of John I
  • Theophilus (BM 198) 829-867, iconoclast
  • Theophylact (BL 46) 11c archbishop,
  • Theophylactos (tb 26) 8c bishop,
  • Tiberius (BM 175) several, II is 578-582

V - Z

  • Victor (BM 317)
  • Vitus (BM 245)
  • Zachariah (BM 177) of Mitylene, writer
  • Zacharias (BL 105) Kalliergis was 15c refugee & printer of Greek texts,
  • Zeno (BM 200) 474-476
  • Zygobenus (AC 500) monk,


Female First Names

A

  • Aelia (BM201) Eudocia, augusta, wife of Theodosius II
  • Anastasia (BL 93) name taken as nun by Anna of Savoy,
  • Anna () of Savoy, originally Giovanna, wife of Andronicus III
  • Ariadne () wife of Anastasius I

D

  • D????? (?? 235)

E

  • Eirene (BL 48) Palaiologina, formerly Yolanda of Montferrat, Empress 1288/9-1317,
  • Eudocia () wife of Constantine X
  • Eugenia (BL 34) neice of Michael VIII,
  • Eudokia / Eudocia (BL 51) sister of Andronikos II,

-

  • Euphrosyne (BL 97) daughter of Loukas Notaras,

F

  • Flacilla () wife of Theodosius

G

  • Galla (BM 365) Placidia
  • Gemma (PL 569) widow in Italy
  • Glyceria (PL 583) poor widow,

H

  • Helena () mother of Constantine I

I

  • Irene (BM 80) 780-792

J

  • Juliana (BM 203) Anicia

K


L

  • Licinia (BM 201) Eudoxia, augusta, wife of Valentinian III
  • Loukia (PL 602) 11c,

M

  • Macrina (tb 19) sister of Gregory of Nyassa,
  • Maria (BL 110) wife of Michael VII, in Serbian, Mara,
  • Martino () wife of Heraclius
  • Metrodora (PL 618) author of a medical book for women,

O

  • Olympias (tb 19) follower of John Crysostom,

P

  • Procopia (BM 197) wife of Michael I

S

  • Scleraina (PL 576) famous lover of Constantine IX,
  • Simonis (BL 5) daughter of Andronikos II,
  • Sophia () Russian name for Zoe, neice of the last Emperor, caused her husband to take the title Tsar and adopt the late Byzantine eagle. Grandmother to Ivan IV the Terrible
  • Styliane (AC 495) feminine of Stylianus,

T

  • Thamar / Ithamar (BL 24) daughter of Despot of Epiros, Princess of Taranto 1294-1309,
  • Thecla (MoL 239) the Augusta, mistess of Basil I,
  • Theoctiste (PL 631)
  • Theod regent 1055-1056)
  • Theodule (BL 4) name chosen as a nun by a Theodora
  • Theophanu / Theophano () wife of Romanus II


V - Z

  • Verina (BP 18) 7c Empress
  • Zampea (BL 84) originally Isabella, lady-in-waiting to Anna of Savoy,

-50)

Castles, Villages, Towns and Cities

A place name could be used as a surname, thus John Damascene is also John of Damascus

A

  • Abydos (AC 437) town,
  • Achaia (BM 57)
  • Achyraus (BM 110) = Balıkesir
  • Acroenum (BM 124) = Afyonkarahisar
  • Adana (AC 365) town in Cilicia,
  • Adramyttium (AC 437) city in Samos, = Demetrias = Edemrit
  • Adrianopolis (M 9) city in Macedonia/ Pisidia, = Adaras
  • Adrianopolis (BL 73) city in Thrace = Edirne
  • Adramyttion (BL 39) on the coast of Asia Minor,
  • Aenus (BM 79) = (Enos)
  • Agathonike (AC 306) village near Adriatic
  • Aigialoi (AC 453) port,
  • Akrokos (AC 455) village near Nicea,
  • Akronion (AC 487) town in Iconium,
  • Aleppo (M 9) city in Mesopotamia, = Halep
  • Alethina (AC 455) village near Nicea,
  • Alexandretta (BM 415) = Iskenderun
  • Alexandria (BM 174) city in Egypt
  • Alexiopolis / Neocastron (AC 468) , city build for converts from Manicheanism,
  • Amasia (M 9) city in Armeniac = Amasya
  • Amastris (AC 446) town in Paphlagonia,
  • Amida (BP 16) city
  • Amira (AC 431) town in Lapara,
  • Amisus / Aminsos (BM 49) = Samsun
  • Amnia (BM 209)
  • Amphipolis (BM 79)
  • Ampous / Ampoun (AC 487) town in Iconium = Ambanaz
  • Anabarza (AC 431) city in Cilicia,
  • Anaea / Ania (BM 49) = Kadi Kalesi
  • Anazarbus (BM 104)
  • Anchialos (BP 106, AC 305) town in Thrace = Ankhialo
  • Ancyra / Ankara, (BP 16) city in Bukellarian,
  • Andros (BM 601)
  • Anemurium (BM 112) = Anamur
  • Ani (BM 212)
  • Antaeopolis (BM 354)
  • Antioch (M 9) city in Mesopotamia = Antakya
  • Antioch (BM 117) city on the Meaender River = Karapınar
  • Antioch (BM 110) city in Isauria
  • Antaras (AC 354) town
  • Anydroi Pirogoi (BM 140)
  • Apamea (BP 16) city in Syria
  • Aphrodisias / Stauropolis (BM 122) = Geyre
  • Aphrodito (BM 347)
  • Apollinopolis Magna (BM 349)
  • Apollonos Ano (BM 350)
  • Apros / Aprus (AC 326) town
  • Aramisos (AC 431) castle in Lapara,
  • Argos (BM 79)
  • Argyrocatron (AC 365) port in Cilicia,
  • Arsamosata (M 9) city in Mesopotamia,
  • Artach (AC 430) town in Koele-Syria,
  • Ason (AC 316) town
  • Athens (M 9) city in Hellas,
  • Athyra (AC 319) town
  • Arta (BL 12) city in Epiros,
  • Artach (BM 104)
  • Aspona (BM 73)
  • Astipalia (BM 53)
  • Astytzium (BM 433) possibly = Kızkulesi
  • Athens (BM 57)
  • Athos (BM 210) monastery on Iberon
  • Athos (BM 201) monastery on Lavra
  • Atroa (PL 611)
  • Attalia / Satellia / Setalia (M 9) port-city in Cibyrrhaeot = Antalya
  • Attica (BM 85)
  • Aureus Mons (BM 73) city on the Danube
  • Avlona (AC 310) Dalmatian town

B

  • Bacchenus (AC 386) village,
  • Backovo / Batzokova (PL 584) now in Bulgaria = Bachkovo
  • Balabista (AC 379) town,
  • Bari (M 9) city in Longibardia,
  • Bassianae (BM 73)
  • Belgrada (BM 37) = Belgrade / Beograd
  • Berrhoe / Berra (BM 80) = Stara Zagora
  • Berrhoea (BM 260) in Syria
  • Beyrout / Berytus (M 8) town in Mesopotamia = Beirut
  • Beroa (AC 431) = Chalep, city in Cilicia,
  • Bizye (BM 79) = Vize
  • Blachernae () Monastery of Constantinople and home of famous icon
  • Bosporous (BM 50) town in Crimea
  • Bouleuteria (PL 580)
  • Brundusium / Brandiez (BM 37) = Braničevo
  • Buzaea (BP 3) village
  • Brusa (M 9) city in Opsikion,
  • Brysis / Urisio (BM 81)
  • Byzacena (BM289)

C

  • Caballa (BM 126) probably = Gevele Dağ
  • Caesarea (M 9) city in Charsianon = Kayseri
  • Caffa / Chafa (BM 46) = Feodosiya
  • Calamus (BM 108)
  • Calaonorus / Coracaesium (BM 50) = Alanya
  • Camacha (BM 609)
  • Campania (BM 376)
  • Candelloro / Celenderis (BM 50) = Gilindire
  • Canina (AC 408) town,
  • Caria (BM 57)
  • Carthage (BM 289)
  • Cassandrea (BM 88)
  • Castamenon (BM 40) = Kastamonu
  • Castoria (BM 35)
  • Catania (BM 407)
  • Cataonia (BM 62)
  • Cavusin (PL 571)
  • Cedrea (BM 123) = Bayat
  • Celaenae / Apamea (BM 127) = Dinar
  • Ceos (BM 660)
  • Chalcis (BM 261) in Syria
  • Charsianon (PL 583) suburb of Constantinople
  • Chele (AC 307) village in Bithynia,
  • Cherson / Kherson, (M 9) city & theme on north shore of Black Sea,
  • Chiarenza / Glarentsa (BM 534) = Killini
  • Chimara (AC 315) Dalmatian town
  • Chios (BM 51)
  • Chirovachi (AC 396) town in Dalmatia,
  • Choma / Angelocastrum (AC 348) town = Homa
  • Chonae / Collossae (BM 55) = Honaz
  • Chonios (AC 431) castle in Lapara,
  • Christoupolis (BM 212)
  • Cibotos (BM 40)
  • Cius (BM 622)
  • Claudiopolis (BM 112) = Bolu
  • Coloneia / Archelais (AC 387) fortified town = Aksaray
  • Colonia (BM 624) near Nicopolis = Şebinkarahisar
  • Constantinople (BM 656) city in Thrace, known as Miklagard to the Rus, often referred to in writing as New Rome
  • Corinth (BM 50)
  • Corone (BM 52)
  • Corycus (BM 245)
  • Cratia (BM 112) = Gerede
  • Cyprus / Constantia (BM 415) town on Cyprus = Salamis
  • Cypsella (BM 81)
  • Cyrrhus (BM 623)
  • Cyzicus (BP 16) city near Nicea,

D

  • Dadybra (BM 112) = Iskilip
  • Damascus (M 9) city in Mesopotamia = Dimashk
  • Damatrys (BM 133)
  • Daonium (BM 83)
  • Daphni, () town and monastery in Greece
  • Dara (BM 261)
  • Decervion (BM 44) probably = Celbianum
  • Dekanos / Dekatera (AC 395) town in Dalmatia,
  • Dekapolis (MoL 239) town,
  • Demetrias (BM 83)
  • Demotika (AC 9) city in Macedonia,
  • Deure (AC 408) town in Dalmatia,
  • Develtus (BM 82) = Bourgas
  • Diabolos (AC 404) town in Dalmatia,
  • Doux (AC 430) town in Koele-Syria,
  • Dorylaeum (M 9) city in Opsikion = Eskişehir
  • Drama (BL 53) town in Eastern Macedonia,estate of Eirene Palaiologina,
  • Drizupara (BM 81)
  • Didymoteichon (BL 72) town in Thrace = Dimetoka
  • Docea (BM 557) = Tokat
  • Durazzo (M 8) city in Dyrrachium,
  • Dryinopolis / Andronopolis (BM 35) = Argyrokastro


E

  • Edessa (BM 79) in Macedonia
  • Edessa (M 9) city on River Skirtos in Mesopotamia = Urfa
  • Eilisson (BM 281)
  • Elatea (BM 450)
  • Emesa (M 9) city in Mesopotamia,
  • Empythium (BM 208)
  • Epibati (BL 79) town on the Bosporos,
  • Euboia / Negroponte (BM 51) = Evvoia
  • Ezerum (BM 83)

F

  • Faustinopolis (BM 73)
  • Finica (BM 112) = Finike

G

  • Gabala (AC 365) port in Cilicia
  • Galata (BL 76) town across the Golden Horn from Constantinople


  • Gaza (BM 201)
  • Geranion (AC 395) town in Dalmatia,
  • Germaniceia / Germanicea (AC 430) town in Koele-Syria = Maraş
  • Glabinitza (AC 409) town in Dalmatia,
  • Graecia (BM 38) in Romania
  • Graos Gala (BM 130)

H

  • Halmyros / Armiro (BM 52) = Almiros
  • Hebraike / Heraclea (AC 342) town
  • Helenopolis (BM 63) = Yalova
  • Helenopontus (BM 98)
  • Heleopolis (AC 312) town
  • Heraclea (M 9) city in Bukellarian,
  • Heraclea (BM 118) Pontic = Ereğli
  • Heracleopolis (BM 354)
  • Hexamilium (BM 631) = Evreşe
  • Hierapolis (BM 42) city in Phrygia = Pamukkale
  • Hierapolis (M 9) city in Syria
  • Hiericho (AC 408) town
  • Hierissus (BM 86)
  • Honorias (BM 98)

I

  • Iantium (BM 385) = Meaux
  • Iconium (M 9) city in Anatolic = Konya
  • Ionia (BM 48)
  • Ioannina (BL 12) city in Epiros,
  • Isaura (BM 416)
  • Isauria (BM 57)
  • Isinda (BM 108) = Korkuteli
  • Iuliopolis (BM 73)
  • Iviropoulos (BP 94)

J

  • Jerusalem (BM 201)
  • Justinianopolis (BP 16) city

K

  • Kallioupolis (BL 71) = Gelibolu now known as Gallipoli, port in Thrace,
  • Kabalion (AC 315) Dalmatian town
  • Kaltzierin (AC 431) castle in Lapara
  • Kars (BM 212)
  • Kato Hexapolis (BM 624)
  • Kauka (AC 430) castle in Koele-Syria,
  • Kedros / Kedrea, (AC 480) town,
  • Kelbianos (AC 438) city
  • Khimara (BM 35)
  • Khoirobakkhoi / Cherevach (BM 65)
  • Kibotos (AC 453/ AC 333) province and town
  • Koiloi (AC 445) port in Asia,
  • Kokkinobaphos (PL 577)
  • Kommermoeri (AC 431) town,
  • Kosinitza (BL 117) town in Thrace,
  • Kotoiraekia (AC 472) town near Nicea,
  • Krisis / Krisei (BL 40) suburb of Constaninople,

L

  • Laodicea (AC 348) town in Mesopotamia
  • Lacerium (BM 42) = Dazkırı / Baklan Ovası (no dots)
  • Laconia (BM 57)
  • Lagbe (BM 108)
  • Lampe (AC 348) town
  • Lampascus (BM 74) = Lapseki
  • Laodicea (BM 42) = Ladik / Denizli
  • Larada (BM 43) = Karaman
  • Larissa / Sezer, (AC 319) town in Koele-Syria
  • Larissa (M 9) city in Hellas,
  • Latros (PL 617)
  • Lavra (PL 580)
  • Lazica (BM 50) near Trebizond
  • Lembos (BM 49) monastery
  • Leros (BM 53)
  • Leucate (BM 589)
  • Leukia (AC 479) town near Nicea,
  • Lifetti (BM 46) probably = Yevpatoriya
  • Limnia (BM 116)
  • Lipso (BM 53)
  • Longinias (AC 365) town in Cilicia,
  • Lopadion / Lopadium / Lupar (AC 453) town near Nicea = Uluabat
  • Loulou (AC 430) castle in Koele-Syria
  • Lycaonia (BM 54)
  • Lykandos (BM 55)

M

  • Macre (BM 83) in Lycia = Fethiye
  • Macre (BM 83) in Thrace
  • Madytos (AC 445) port in Asia,
  • Magnesia (BM 118) = Manisa
  • Maina (BM 52)
  • Malvagia (BM 51) = Monemvasia
  • Mamistra (AC 365) town in Cilicia
  • Mandraklou (BM 68)
  • Manzikert () village
  • Marash (AC 360) town in Cilicia,
  • Marchapin (AC 365) port in Cilicia
  • Marcianopolis (BM 389)
  • Margus (BM 73)
  • Marycatus (BM 622) near Miletopolis
  • Mastura / Mastaura (PL 561) town on the Meander River = Nazilli
  • Mavrocastro / Maocastro (BM 46) = Akkerman = Cetatea
  • Mazamia (BM 143)
  • Medicion (PL 605)
  • Mekran (AC 431) village
  • Melitene (BM 239) = Malatya
  • Mesampeloi (AC 336) town
  • Mesembria (M 8) town in Thrace = Nessebur
  • Mesanakta (AC 483) town in Iconium,
  • Methone (BP 130) Pelopennesian port,
  • Miletus / Palatia / Balat (BM 49) = Milet
  • Mistra (BL 15) city in Lacodemia, silk production
  • Mnizus (BM 99)
  • Moesia (BM 57)
  • Moesia Secunda (BM 404)
  • Mopses (AC 365) town in Cilicia,
  • Mopsuestiae (AC 431) city in Cilicia,
  • Mt Mauros (AC 430) town in Koele-Syria
  • Mosynopolis (BM 83) = Messoune
  • Mylasa-Melanudium (BM 122) = Milas-Bafa
  • Mylos (AC 397) town in Dalmatia
  • Myra (BM 112)
  • Myriokephalon (BP 110) = Tzybritze / Tzibrelitzemani / Cybrilcymani

N

  • Nacolia (BM 140) = Seyitgazi
  • Narbo (BM 246) = Narbonne
  • Naupaktos (BL 27) harbour in Epirus, known as Lepanto to the Latins
  • Naxos (BM 53)
  • Neocaesarea (BM 40) = Niksar
  • Neopatras (BM 83)
  • Neopolis (tb 24) city in Cyprus,
  • Neoutzikon (BM 432)
  • Nicea / Nicaea (M 9) city in Opsikion = Iznik
  • Nicea / Nicaea (BM 81) in Thrace
  • Nicodemia (AC 307) town = Izmit
  • Nicopolis (BM 80)
  • Nikiu (BP 34)
  • Nymphaeon (AC 438) city = Nif / Kemalpaşa

O

  • Ochrida / Achrida / Lucretia (BM 36) = Okhrid
  • Olympia (BM 64)
  • Optatianae (BM 622) near Nicomedia
  • Opus (AC 323) town
  • Orcistus (BM 140) = Alikel
  • Oreus (BM 80)
  • Oxyrhynchus (BM 347)

P

  • Paipert (AC 350) town
  • Pales (AC 314)
  • Pamphylia (BM 57)
  • Panasium (BM 130) = Banaz Ovası
  • Panephysis (BP 2)
  • Panium (BM 79)
  • Panopolis (BM 459)
  • Parnassus (BM 99)
  • Paros (PL 631) town
  • Patara (BM 112)
  • Patmos (BM 53) monastery of St John
  • Patras (BL 15) city in Peloponnesus
  • Paurae (BM 42) = Bafra
  • Pegae (BM 108) probably = Biga
  • Pegasios (AC 324) town
  • Pelekanum (AC 325) area
  • Pelagonia (BL 17) Macedonian town = Monastir
  • Pergamon / Pergamum, AC 438) city in Samos = Bergama
  • Peristera (BM 88)
  • Peritheorium (BM 83)
  • Pessinus (BM 622)
  • Petrola (AC 397) town in Dalmatia,
  • Pharsalus (M 9) city in Hellas,
  • Pherae (BM 89) monastery of Theotokos Kosmosotira
  • Pherme (BP 2)
  • Phersia (AC 430) town in Koele-Syria,
  • Philadelphia (BL 61) = Alaşehir
  • Philea (PL 568) town on Black Sea,
  • Philippi (BM 36)
  • Philippopolis (BL 117) town & bishopric in Macedonia = Plovdiv
  • Philita (BM 114)
  • Philomelion / Philomelium (AC 348) town = Akşehir
  • Pisidia (BP 35)
  • Pithecas (BM 12)
  • Plastra (AC 431) town in Lapara,
  • Pliska (BM 280)
  • Podandus (BM 104)
  • Poemanenon (AC 453) town,
  • Polybotos (AC 348) town = Bolvadın
  • Pontus (BM 50)
  • Pora (BM 83)
  • Porthmus (BM 80)
  • Poutze (AC 303) stronghold
  • Pracana (BM 125) probably Alakapı
  • Priene / Sampson (BM 61) = Samsun
  • Prilep (BM 219)
  • Prusa (AC 453) town near Nicea = Bursa
  • Ptelion (BM 51)
  • Pylae (BM 49)

R

  • Raetia Secunda (BM 384)
  • Ragusa (M 8) town in Dalmatia,
  • Ras (BM 525)
  • Reake (BP 5) village
  • Reggio (M 8) town in Calabria
  • Rhaedestus / Registo / Rudistio / Rodisto (BM 46) = Tekirdağ
  • Rodosto (M 8) port in Thrace,
  • Rousia / Rusa (BM 35) probably Keşan

S

  • Sagaudaous (AC 474) village near Nicodemia,
  • Salamis (M 9) town in Cyprus
  • Salona (BM 57) = Split
  • Samnium (BM 558)
  • Samos (BM 53)
  • Samosata (M 8) town in Mesopotamia,
  • Sarai / al-Sara / Sarra (BM 548)
  • Sarbanos (AC 431) castle in Lapara,
  • Sardes (AC 348) city in Thracesian
  • Sardis (BM 122) = Sart
  • Sarsapin (AC 431) town

-

  • Savaria (BM 384) = Szombathely
  • Savia (BM 384)
  • Scopia / Nerezi (BM 89)
  • Sebasteia / Sebastea, city (BP 16) in Sebastea theme = Sivas
  • Sebastopolis (BM 631)
  • Selucia / Isauriae (M 9) city in Cilicia = Silifke
  • Selymbria (BM 52) = Silivri
  • Serdica / Hesternit / Straliz (BM 37) = Sofia
  • Sergiopolis (BM 261)
  • Serres / Serra (BM 35)
  • Sestus (BM 478)
  • Sgenin (AC 431) city in Cilicia, castle in Lapara,
  • Side (BM 317) = Selimiye / Eski Antalya
  • Sidera (BM 83) in Thrace
  • Singidunum (BM 73)
  • Sinianda (BM 149) possibly = Kızılviran
  • Sinope (BM 42) = Sinop
  • Sinopoli / Sozopolis / Sinope (BM 46) in Thrace
  • Sirmium (BM 73) = Sremska Mitrovica
  • Sirogellis (BM 81)
  • Sis (M 9) town in Cilicia = Kozan
  • Siscia (BM 378) = Sisak
  • Smolena (BM 88)
  • Smyrna (AC 438) city in Samos = Izmir
  • Solkhat / Sorghati (BM 549) Staraya Krim
  • Soudi (AC 343)
  • Souetios (AC 430) town in Koele-Syria,
  • Sozopolis (AC 384) town ?
  • Sozopolis (BM 42) in Pisidia probably = Uluborlu
  • Sozopolis (BM 47) in Thrace = Sozopol
  • Sparta / Lacedemonia (BM 52) = Sparti
  • Sthlabotilin (AC 431) castle in Lapara,
  • Sthlanitza (town, AC 374)
  • Stobi (BM 79)
  • Strumitsa (BM 88) monastery of Theotokos Eleousa
  • Studion (PL 569) or Studium (MoL 241)
  • Sugdaia / Saldadia (BM 549) = Sudak
  • Sura (BM 261)
  • Syhe (C 363) port in Cilicia,
  • Sykeon (BP 1) city in Mesopotamia,
  • Synnada (BM 123) = Şuhut
  • Syracuse (M 8) town in Calabria

T

  • Tadmor (M 9)
  • Taik (BM 212)
  • Tana (BM 547)
  • Tantalus (BM 126) probably = Dandal
  • Tarsus (BP 16) city
  • Tebenna (AC 386) village,
  • Telchampson (AC 431) castle in Lapara,
  • Telouch (AC 430) town in Koele-Syria
  • Tentyra (BM 459)
  • Thebes / Stiva (BM 51)
  • Themisonium (BM 108)
  • Theodosiopolis (BM 212) = Erzurum
  • Theotokos Petritzonitissa (BM 89) monastery at Batzokova
  • Thessalonika (M 9) city in the theme of Thessalonika,
  • Thyateira (BM 108)
  • Ticium (BM 378) = pAVIA
  • Timoros (AC 412) town in Dalmatia,
  • Trajanopolis (BM 88)
  • Tralles (BM 129) = Aydın
  • Trapezus (AC 386) town,
  • Trebizond / Trapezus / Tribusonda (M 9) city in Chaldea = Trabzon
  • Triglia (BM 51) probably = Tirilya
  • Trikkala (BM 83)
  • Tripolis (BM 118) in Lydia
  • Tripolis (BM 56) in Syria = Tarabulus
  • Tripoliania (BM 289)
  • Troezen (BM 80)
  • Troy (BM 62) = Truva
  • Tyana (BM 73) = Niğde
  • Tyre (BM 627)


  • Tzykanisterin (AC 510)

U - Z==

  • Usuze (BM 79)
  • Varna (BM 46)
  • Vatopedi (Athonite monastery, PL 579)
  • Venetia / Venice (M 8) provincial town
  • Vicina / Vezina (BM 46) Păcuiul lui Soare ?
  • Viminacium (BM 73)
  • Vinnensis (BM 289) town and diocese
  • Vonitza (castle in Epiros BL 27)
  • Xanthia (BM 83)
  • Xerigordos (town AC 312)
  • Xerolophos (hill and area in Constantinople, BL 63)
  • Zagora / Zaorra (BM 46)
  • Zapetra (city in Lykandos, M 9)
  • Zara (town in Dalmatia, M 8)
  • Zetunium (BM 37)

Themes, Districts etc

A

  • Aegean (M 9) = Insulae, 10c theme,
  • Aegyptos (BM 170) diocese
  • Aetos (theme, AC 431)
  • Africa (BM 167) diocese (BM 165) prefecture or exarchate, (BM 289) proconsularis
  • Aigaion Pelagos (BM 651) theme
  • Akrilevo (AC 306) district in Balkans
  • Anatolic (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
  • Antares (AC 431) military district in Cilicia,
  • Antartes (AC 431) military district in Cilicia,
  • Arabia (BM 178) province
  • Armenia (M 9) 10c theme in Asia, sometimes divided into Armenia Prima, Secunda, Tertia
  • Armeniac or Armeniakon (WI 667) theme in Asia
  • Asia (BM 57), theme

B

  • Balaneus (AC 431) military district in Cilicia,
  • Bithynia (AC 307) province
  • Borze (AC 430) military district,
  • Bukellarian (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
  • Bulgaria (BM 35) theme and kingdom

C

  • Calabria (M 9) 10c theme in Italy,
  • Cappadocia (M 9) 10c theme in Asia, sometimes Cappadocia Prima and Secunda.
  • Carthagena (BM 405) Spain
  • Casiotis (AC 431) theme in Cilicia,
  • Cephallenia (M 9) 10c theme in Europe,
  • Chaldea (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
  • Charsianon (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
  • Cherson (M 9) 10c theme in Crimea,
  • Cibyrrhaeot (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
  • Cilicia /Seleucia / Kilikia (AC 358, M 9) theme in Asia,
  • Colonea (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
  • Cyclades (BM 559) islands and apotheke
  • Cyprus / Cipri (M 9) 10c theme,

D

  • Dacia (BM 168) diocese
  • Dyrrhachium / Dyrrhakion (M 9) 10c theme in Europe,

E

  • East (BM 168) prefecture
  • Epiros (Greek Despotate)

G

  • Gabala (AC 431) military district in Cilicia,
  • Galatia (BM 54) sometimes Galatia Prima and Secunda
  • Galliae (BM 289) diocese

H

  • Halys (BM 609) river = Kızıhrmak
  • Hellas (M 9) theme in Europe,
  • Hellaspontus (BM 57) apotheke

I

  • Iberia or the "theme of Iberia and Armenia" (ER 11 c.) in Asia
  • Iconium (AC 487) province,
  • Illyricum (AC 379) province / prefecture,
  • Indus (BM 122) river in Dalaman
  • Italia (BM 167) prefecture

K

  • Kappadokia (BM 100) theme
  • Kathismatin (AC 431) district,
  • Khaldia (BM 184) theme
  • Kharsianon (BM 103) theme
  • Kibotos (AC 453/ AC 333) province and town
  • Kibyrrhaioton (BM 58) theme
  • Kilikia (BM103) see Cilicia
  • Koloneia (BM 184) theme
  • Koele-Syria (AC 430) province,

L

  • Lapara (AC 431) theme,
  • Limnii (AC 431) theme,
  • Longbardia (M 9) 10c theme in Italy,
  • Lybia Inferior (BM 179) district
  • Lybia Superior (BM 180) district
  • Lydia (BM 660) district
  • Lykandos (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,

M

  • Macedonia / Makedonia (M 9) 10c theme in Europe,
  • Marakes (AC 353) district
  • Marakeus (AC 431) military district in Cilicia
  • Meletene (BM 103) early theme
  • Mesopotamia (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
  • Monembasia (BP 130) Pelopennesian See,
  • Moesiae (BM 373) district and diocese

  • Neokastra (BM 131) theme
  • Nicopolis (M 9) 10c theme in Europe,

O

  • Ohrid (or Ochrida) (PL 629, BL 46) Bulgarian bishopric
  • Opsikion (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
  • Optimaton (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
  • Oriens (180) diocese

P

  • Pagras (AC 430) military district,
  • Palaestina Prima (BM 179) district
  • Palatza (AC 430) military district,
  • Paphlagonia (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
  • Pedias (BM 98) district
  • Pelagonia (AC 404) district in Dalmatia,
  • Pelopennesus (M 9) 10c theme in Europe,
  • Philadelphia (BL 61) town & bishopric in Asia Minor,
  • Philippopolis (BL 117) town & bishopric,
  • Podandon (AC 431) theme,
  • Pontica (BM 163) diocese / theme

R R(h)omania (BM 51) district

S

  • Samos (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
  • Scutari (AC 306) district near Adriatic,
  • Sebastea (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
  • Seleucia / Seleukeia (BM 103) theme
  • Serbia (BM 524) kingdom
  • Serres (BL 57) district in Macedonia,
  • Sosthenion (AC 323) district near Constantinople
  • Sparta (BM 52) Lacademonia = Sparti
  • St Elias (AC 430) military district,
  • St Symeon, (M 9) 10c port of Antioch Strymon theme in Europe,

T

  • Thrace (M 9) 10c theme in Europe,
  • Thracesian (M 9) 10c theme in Asia,
  • Thebais Inferior and Superior (BM 179) district
  • Thessalonike (BM 57) theme
  • Thracia / Thrace (BM 51) theme
  • Tracheia (BM 98) district
  • Tres Provinciae (BM 329) Sicily, Sardina and Corsica

V - Z

  • Valania (district AC 353)
  • Voleron (BM 159) theme
  • Xerolophos (BL 63) hill and area in Constantinople,
  • Zoume (AC 431) theme,

Geographical Features

A

  • Aegina (PL 593) island,
  • Akheloos (BM 61) river
  • Athyras (BM 66) river
  • Azala (AC 341), hill near Nicea

B

  • Baake (AC 307) lake near Philippopolis,
  • Balearic Islands (BM 399)

C

  • Cephalonia /Cephallenia (BL 18) Adriatic island
  • Charzanes (AC 410) river in Dalmatia,
  • Corfu (AC 360) Adriatic island,
  • Cos (AC 361) island
  • Crete /Creti (BM 51) island
  • Cyclades (BM 660) island group
  • Cyndus (BM 63) river at Tarsus
  • Cyprus / Cipri (BM 51) island

D

  • Dibolis (AC 399) river in Dalmatia,
  • Dorylaeum (AC 341) plain near Nicea
  • Droa (BM 65) river = Drava
  • Drymon (AC 393) river in Dalmatia

E

  • Echinadian (BM 61) islands
  • Elissos (AC 393) river in Dalmatia,
  • Euboea (AC 336) Greek island,
  • Euxine Sea (Black Sea)

F


H

  • Halys (AC 356) river near Ancyra (see book for Turk)

I

  • Iberon (BM 210) island


K

  • Kephalonia (AC 360) island?

L

  • Lavros (BM 201) island
  • Lemnos (BM 57) island
  • Lesbos (BM 588) island
  • Leucas (AC 360) island?
  • Lychnis (AC 393) lake in Dalmatia,

M

  • Melas (BM 66) river

N

  • Nestos (BM 645) river

O

  • Onopniktes (BM 64) river (Parmenios?)

P

  • Patara (AC 361) island
  • Peneios (BM 64) river
  • Petra (AC 409) mountain pass in Dalmatia,

R

  • Rekhios (BM 64) river (possibly = Vardar)
  • Rhodes / Rhodi (M 9) island in Cibyrrhaeot,
  • Rhodope (BM 645) province

S

  • Samos (AC 361) Aegean island,
  • Sangaris / Sangarios (AC 307) river in Bithynia = Sakarya
  • Siberis (BM 64) river
  • Simoesis (BM 62) river
  • Skamandros (BM 62) river = Menderes
  • Skirtos (BM 63) river
  • Skopas (BM 64) river
  • Strymon (BM 83) river

T - Z

  • Taurocomas (AC 305) mountains
  • Tenedos (BL 78) island off Thrace,
  • Vardar (BM 65) river = Vardarios
  • Voleron (BM 159) theme
  • Zacynthos (AC 360) island?

Imperial Institutions, Offices and Ranks

A

  • Ab actis (BM 181)
  • Adiutores (BM 181): aide, assistant, secretary
  • Agentes in rebus (BM 190)
  • Allectores (BM 387): business negotiator (?)
  • Anagrapheus (BM 431): commissioner appointed to codify laws
  • Anthypatos (BM 185): proconsul
  • Apo eparkhōn (BM 656)
  • Apo hypatōn (BM 194)
  • Apokrisiaros / apocrisiarius (BM 351): secretary
  • Apothēkarios/ apothecarious (BM 242): keeper of a storehouse
  • Apothēkē � tōn basilikōn kommerkiōn (BM 626)
  • Apparitor (BM 187): public servant
  • Argyros (BM 197) tou bestiou / tōn stephanōn (BM 276)
  • Arhhōn � tēs kharagēs (BM 412)
  • Armamentum / on (BM 331)
  • Assessor (BM 178): judge
  • Aurifices (BM 389): goldworker

B

  • Balnitōr (BM 656): bath attendant
  • Blattion (BM 630): purple dye maker (?) literally �purplish�
  • Bouleutēs (BM 190):

C

  • Caesar / kaisar (BM 164): heir to the throne
  • Cancellarius (BM 165): councillor, adviser
  • Castrensis � sacri palatii (BM 203): soldier in the camp
  • Chartularius (BM 181): keeper of the archives of the court
  • Chartophylax (MoL 241), archivist
  • Circitor (BM 166): watchman, sentinel
  • Clarissimus (BM 244): distinguished public figure (senator etc)
  • Collator (BM 332): one who contributes to the state
  • Comes / komēs (BM 178): literally �companion�, lower rank of nobles
  • Comes � domesticorum (BM 187): �companion of the house�
  • Comes � domorum (BM 179)
  • Comes � sacri patrimonii per Italium (BM 404)
  • Comitatus (BM 388): literally �escort� or �companion�
  • Comitiva / comes sacrarum largitionum (BM 187): chief officer
  • Conductor (BM 332): one who hires, farmer
  • Consiliarius (BM 165): counsellor, adviser
  • Consistorium (BM 190): place of assembly
  • Consularis (BM 165): consul or former consul (highest ruling magistrate)
  • Cubicularius / koubikoularios (BM 227): chamber servant
  • Cubiculum � sacrum (BM 333): chamber servant of a holy place
  • Curator thesauri (BM 411): keeper of the store or treasure
  • Curiosus (BM 608): spy or scout
  • Cursus clabularis (BM 294) = platys dromos
  • Cursus publicus (BM 294) = dēmosios dromos
  • Cursus velox (BM 295) = oxys dromos

D

  • Dekharkhēs (BM 182)
  • Despotēs (BM 164): despot or master
  • Devotus / devotissimus (BM 243): faithful or follower
  • Dioiketēs (BM 414)
  • Domestici / domestikoi � presentales (BM 187)
  • Domestikoi (BM 433)
  • Domestikos � tēs hypourgias (BM 305)
  • Domestikos � tōn optimatōn (BM 312)
  • Domestikos - tōn skholōn (BM 104)
  • Domus Divina � per Cappadocium (BM 55)
  • Droungarios (BM 182), Admiral
  • Droungarios - tōn ploϊmōn (BM 184)
  • Ducenarius (BM 166): leader of two hundred
  • Dux / doux (BM 165): leader or commander
  • Dux et Augustalis (BM 170): commander and emperor

E

  • Eidikon / isikon / eidikos (BM 192): general
  • Episkepsis (BM 58): injuction or denunciation
  • Epoptēs (BM 414): one who is admitted into the highest grade of holy mysteries
  • Ergodosia (BM 629)
  • Eudokimotatos (BM 244)
  • Exarkhos / exarchus (BM 407): leader, chief or commander
  • Exceptor (BM 181): scribe, literally �one who catches up�
  • Excubitores / exkoubitores (BM 622): sentinels or watchmen
  • Exercitus (BM 423): army
  • Exisōtēs (BM 414)

F

  • Fabrica / phabrix (BM 416): workshop of artisan

G

  • Genikon (BM 410): belonging to the race or tribe
  • Grammaticus (AC 495), grammarian
  • Gynaecium (BM 560), women�s quarters

H

  • Hetaireia � megalē (BM 186): comrade
  • Honestus (BM 244): honoured or distinguished
  • Hypatos (BM 185): highest
  • Hyperarithmoi (BM 186): supernumerary
  • Hypeourgia � basilikē (BM )

K

  • Katholikos (BM 377): supervisor of accounts
  • Kellarios � oikeiakos basilikos (BM 305)
  • Kentarkhos (BM 182)
  • Khartoularios � tōn arklōn (BM )
  • Khartoularios � tou sakellion (BM 318)
  • Khartoularios � tou stablou (BM 312)
  • Khartoularios � tou thematos (BM 414)
  • Khartoularios tou vestiariou (BM 410)
  • Khazaroi (BM 186): pertaining to the Khazars
  • Khōneia (BM 225)
  • Khrysepsēteion (BM 259)
  • Khrys(o)epsētēs (BM 427)
  • Khrysōnēs (BM 341)
  • Khrys(i)oplysiai / oi (BM 225)
  • Khrysiurgion (BM 260)
  • Kleisoura (BM 183): narrow pass
  • Kleisourarkhēs (BM 182)
  • Koitōn � basilikos (BM 160): chamberlain possibly �of the king�
  • Koitōnitēs (BM 191)
  • Kommerkiaros (BM 592)
  • Komes � tou stablou (BM 312)
  • Kortē � basilikē (BM 272)
  • Kouratōreion (BM 104): curator
  • Kouropalatēs (BM 185)
  • Kritēs � thematos (BM 430) = praitōr

L

  • Lamprotatos (BM 244)
  • Largitionales (BM 387): treasury officers
  • Limitanei (BM 166)
  • Logothetēs � tōn agelōn (BM )
  • Logothetēs � tou dromou (BM 220)
  • Logothetēs � tou genikou (BM 410)
  • Logothetēs � tou stratiōtikou (BM 410)

M

  • Magister militum (BM 165) = stratēgoi: master of war or general
  • Magister officiorum (BM 388): master of the workplace (?)
  • Magister (rationalis) � rei privatae (BM 377)
  • Magistros (BM 185): master
  • Manglavitēs (BM 191): bath slave (?)
  • Mansio (BM 73): lodging place, abode
  • Megas diermēneutēs (BM 440)
  • Megas domestikos (BM 159): chief domestic
  • Megas doux (BM 181): great or over leader
  • Megas logariastēs (tōn euagōn sekretōn) (BM 433)
  • Megas logariastēs (tōn sekretōn) (BM 432)
  • Megas logothetēs (BM 208)
  • Megas stratopedarkhēs (BM 212)
  • Meriarkhēs (BM 182)
  • Mētaton (BM 311)
  • Metrētai (BM 318): measurer
  • Minsouratōr (BM 305) = mensurator: measurer
  • Moderator (BM 178): manager or director
  • Moneta (BM 276): the mint
  • Moneta publica / fiscalis (BM 390)
  • Monetarius (BM 326): master of the mint

N

  • Numerarius (BM 166): keeper of accounts

O

  • Osequium (BM 621) = opsikion
  • Officium / offikion (BM 165), office staff
  • Oikeiakōn, epi tōn (BM 434)
  • Opifices � monetae (BM 321): makers of money
  • Orphanotrophos (BM 297): bringer up of orphans

P

  • Palatinus /i (BM 388): person or people of the Palatine
  • Parakoimōmemos (BM 104): guard
  • Patricius / patrikios (BM 185): patrician or noble
  • Pertinentia (BM 89) = episkepsis
  • Pharganoi (BM 186)
  • Phylax (BM 310): sentinel, watcher
  • Praefectura /us (BM 165): pefect or president
  • Praefectus � Augustalis (BM 179): prefect of Augustus
  • Praefectus � urbi(s) (BM 194): prefect of the city
  • Praefectus � vigilum (BM 180): prefect of the virgiles (city police)
  • Praepositus (BM 459): overseer
  • Praepositus � sacri cubiculi (BM 179): overseer of the sacred chamber
  • Praepositus � (sacrorum) thesaurorum (BM 345): overseer of the treasure
  • Praeses (BM 165): guardian, defender
  • Praetor / praitōr (BM 178): head, leader or chief
  • Praetor populi (BM 180): leader of the people
  • Praktōr (BM 99)
  • Primicerius (BM 166): first or chief
  • Primikērios � tou (oikeiakou) vestiariou (BM 440)
  • Prokathēmenos � tou vestiariou (BM 440)
  • Proconsul (BM 178): one who, at the end of his consulship, becomes a governor of a province
  • Procurator � monetae (BM 316): manager of the money
  • Proedros (BM 185): priviledged one (eg gets front seats in theatre etc)
  • Prosecutores (BM 387): attendant, companion
  • Protectores / protiktores (BM 622): bodyguards
  • Prōtokarabos (BM 191)
  • Prōtonotarios � tou thematos (BM 305)
  • Prōtoproedros (BM 58)
  • Prōtopatharaton (BM 186)
  • Prōtospatharios (BM 185)
  • Prōtostratōr (BM 259)
  • Protostratotius (�chief equerry�, Basil I held this position for Michael III before their marriage, MoL 234)
  • Prōtovestariarios (BM 192)

Q

  • Quasestor � sacri palatii (BM 404)
  • Quaestura / quastor exercitus (BM 104): the office of magistrate

R

  • Rationalis (BM 381): treasurer
  • Rationalis � rei summae (BM 329): literally �treasurer of high things�
  • Rhaiktōr (BM 184)

S

  • Sabastos (BM 89): quarrier of gravel or rock (?)
  • Sakellion / sakellarios (BM 192): �shieldlet�
  • Scalptores (BM 389): carver
  • Scholae / Skholai (BM 186): school, disciples
  • Scholarii / skholarioi (BM 243): belonging to a school
  • Scribo (BM 190): to write, I write, something written
  • Scrinium (BM 390): book box or letter case
  • Sebastokratōr (BM 89): august person
  • Sekreta (BM 410)
  • Semissalis (BM 166): literally �half another� (???)
  • Skēnē � basilikē (BM 272)
  • Spatharios (BM 185): swordsman (?)
  • Spatharokandidatos (BM 185): trainee swordsman (?)
  • Spectabilis (BM 180): literally �spectacle�, a title for high officers
  • Stathmos (BM 99): quarters, lodging, station
  • Statio (BM 331): post or station
  • Stratēgia (BM 624): general
  • Stratēgos (BM 138): general
  • Stratelatēs (BM 656): military command
  • Stratiōtikon (BM 410)
  • Stratopedarkhein / startopedarkhēs (BM 133): military commander
  • Susceptor (BM 331): contractor or collector of taxes � tax farmer

T

  • Tagmata (BM 130): leader of a brigade of soldiers
  • Tamieion � basilikon / koinon (BM 131): servant or steward of �
  • Tourmakhēs (BM 182)
  • Trapeza � basilikē (BM 186): table of the �
  • Trapeza � genikē (BM 411) table of the �
  • Trapeza � idikē (BM 411) table of the �
  • Tribunus et notarius (BM 187): tribunes (captains) and clerks
  • Turma /tourma (BM 193): troop or squadron

v - Z

  • Vestarkhēs (BM 185)
  • Vestēs (BM 185)
  • Vestiaritai (BM 433): clothiers (?)
  • Vestiarium / ion (BM 197) = basilikiē koinon tamiseion
  • Vestiarion � oikeiakon basilikou (BM 197)
  • Vicarius (BM 178): underservant or underslave
  • Xenodokheion (BM 134): place for strangers to lodge
  • Zygostatēs � demosios (BM 317)

Possible and Definite Nicknames

  • the Almsgiver (BM 204) John, patriarch of Alexandria
  • Balsamon (12c PL 600) Theodorus, canonical comentator,
  • Cataias (BP 39) John, 7c
  • Chrysostom (St John)
  • Diblatius (AC 497) Bogomile preacher,
  • Digenis (PL 608)
  • the Fat (BM 225) John Comnenus
  • Mavrocatacalon (AC 302) Marianus
  • the Naked (PL 631)
  • the New (PL 584) Basil, seer 10c
  • the New Theologian (PL 584) Simeon,
  • the Phileote (PL 584)
  • Scholasticus (BP 19) John 6c p,
  • Scylitzes (PL 560) John, author,
  • the Studite (PL 597)
  • the Stylite (BM 174) Joshua
  • Thaumaturgus (BP 19) Symeon, holy man
  • Tourmachos (PL 583) troop commander,

Bibliography

Bibliography used (commonly available lists of Emperors and Saints are not mentioned)

  • Ari�s, Phillipe and George Duby (general editors) A History of Private Life Vol 1 From Pagan Rome to Byzantium, Paul Veyne (1992) (translated Arthur Goldhammer) Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, ISBN 0674399749.
    • A very readable account of customs and mor�s.
    • citations use PL xxx
  • Boswell, John (1996) The Marriage of Likeness: Same-Sex Unions in Pre-modern Europe Fontana Press, London, ISBN 0006863264.
    • Establishes a long history of such marriage. Includes texts of hetero- and homosexual matrimony. Fascinating reading by a master linguist and historian.
    • citations use MoL xxx
  • Cavallo, Guglielmo (editor) (1992) The Byzantines (translated Thomas Dunlap, Teresa Lavender Fagan & Charles Lambert) The University of Chicago Press, London, ISBN 0226097927.
    • Gives a sketch of some of the different social groups that made up the culture.
    • citations use tb xxxx
  • Comnena, Anna (1150) (translated E. R. A. Sewter) The Alexiad Penguin Books, London (this edition 1969), ISBN 0140442154.
    • A Byzantine Princess, exiled to a convent for plotting against the Emperor, writes a histoory of the Emperor�s predecessor - her father). Essential reading for a balanced view of the First Crusade.
    • citations use AC xxx
  • Edwards, Robert W. (1988), The Vale of Kola: A Final Preliminary Report on the Marchlands of Northeast Turkey, pp. 138-140. Dumbarton Oaks Papers, Vol. 42.
    • citations use ER xxx
  • Hendy, Michael F. (1985) Studies in the Byzantine Monetary Economy c300-1450 Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, ISBN 0521247152
    • citations use BM xxx
  • Jeffreys, Elizabeth and Michael, Ann Moffat (editors) (1978) Byzantine Papers: Proceedings of the First Australian Byzantine Studies Conference, Humanities Research Centre, ANU, Canberra. ISBN 0867840099.
    • For specialists only, some illustrations.
    • citations use BP xxx
  • Nicol, Donald M. (1996) The Byzantine Lady: Ten Portraits 1250-1500 Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, ISBN 0521576237.
    • Unusual both in dealing with Byzantine women and with the lateness of the portrayal.
    • citations use BL xxx
  • Treharne, R. F. (1982) Muir�s Atlas of Medieval and Modern History George Phillip, London, ISBN 0 540 05434 8.
    • citations us M xx
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theme_(Byzantine_administrative_unit)#List_of_the_themata
    • citations use WI xxx

Notes

Much of this article is based on an original article by Hrolf Herjolfssen.