12th Century texts
- 1 Romances
- 2 Chanson de Geste
- 3 Fiction (not necesarily romance)
- 4 Short poetry
- 5 Histories
- 6 Scientific texts
- 7 Other texts/unsorted
- 8 More 12th C authors
Almost all old french literature was woven in some form into the genre of Arthurian romance - a common hero is a knight from king Arthur's court. Some stories could have been completely independant of Arthurian myth, but choose to add a glancing mention of Arthur or one of his knights to give authority to their story.
- "Erec and Enide" Chretien de Troyes (Old French, c. 1170)
- "Cliges" Chretien de Troyes (Old french, c. 1176)
- "Yvain", Chretien de Troyes (Old French,1177 to 1181)
- "Lancelot" Chretien de Troyes (Old French, 1177 to 1181)
- "Le Conte du Graal" aka "le Roman de Perceval" Chretien de Troyes and other authours (Old French c.1180 with later additions)
- "ROMAN DE BRUT" (Romance of the Britons), Wace
- some translations: ISBN: 0460005782 : 0460015788
- "ROMAN DE ROU", Wace
Wace [] (1150-55)
- "Roman d'Eneas" [](1160-65)
- "Erek" Hartmann von Aue (c. 1190)
- A later, german, version of Erec & Enide
- "Merlin" Robert de Boron (french c. 1200)
- "Joseph d'Arimathea", Robert de Boron (french c. 1200)
- "Perceval" Robert de Boron (french c. 1200) - completely lost, much influenced the "Didot Perceval" c1205
- "Tristran", Thomas
- "Roman de Tristran", [] (Old French, late-twelfth-century)
- "Tristrant und Isalde" Eilhart von Oberge (Middle High German, c. 1170) -poem now lost, 13thC copy remains. German version of Tristrant
Medieval Welsh collection of myths, contained in much later copies
- The Mabinogi Proper
- Pwyll, son of Dyved
- Branwen, daughter of Llyr
- Manawyddan, son of Llyr
- Math, son of Mathonwy
- Culhwch and Olwen
- The dream of Rhonabwy
- The dream of Macsen Wledig
- Lludd and Llefelys
- Owain, or The lady of the Fountain
- Peredur, son of Efrawc
- Geraint, son of Erbin
These are short poem, often love stories, based on Celtic legends.
- Graelant, anonymous, (Old French c1150-1200)
- Guingamor, anonymous, (Old French c1150-1200)
- 12 Breton Lais, Marie de France, (old french, late 12th C)
- Glyn S. Burgess and Keith Busby (trans), "The lais of Marie de France", Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, England ; New York, U.S.A. : , 1986. ISBN: 0140444769 (pbk.)
- "The Lay of Marie and Vignettes in verse" Matilda Betham, Garland Pub., New York, 1978, ISBN: 0824021126
- library record notes: Includes abstracts of the twelve lays of Marie. Reprint of the 1816 and 1818 eds. published by R. Hunter, London.
- Chanson de Roland (Old French, 1130-1170)
- Chanson de Williamor "La Chanson de Guillaume" (Old French, 1150-1175)
- Raoul de Cambrai(Old French, c.1180-1200)
- Guillaume d'Orange (Old French 12th C)
Fiction (not necesarily romance)
Geoffrey, of Monmouth (fl. 1130-1155)
- "Prophetiae Merlini" (The Prophecies of Merlin)
- "Vita Merlini" ("The Life of Merlin")
Fables (old French, late 12th C)
- Mary Lou Martin (trans) "The fables of Marie de France", Summa Publications, Birmingham, 1984, ISBN: 0917786343
- This edition gives Old French on the left hand pages and English on the right hand pages. Nice layout, academic introduction. Not translated into rhyme. Fables seem a little dry and moralistic to this modern reader.
- Jeanette Beer (trans), Jason Carter (illus) "Medieval fables" Dragon's World Ltd., Surrey, 1981. ISBN: 0905895568
- This appears to be an edition aimed at children.
(rather than whole novels written in prose)
- Marie de Champagne
- Denis Piramus (Vie Seint Edmund le rei, after 1170)
Guilhelm IX d'Aquitaine
1071-1126 Father of the troubadour tradition.
c. 1127-1150 Innovator of the difficult trobar clus style.
Bernart de Ventadorn
c.1145-1180 Author of the troubadour classic "Can vei la lauzeta mover."
fl. 1180-1210 Inventor of the sestina; his most famous piece is "Lo ferm voler q'el cor m'intra."
Bertrand de Born
Comtessa de Dia
late 12th c. One of the more famous trobairitz (female troubadours).
- "Historia Regum Britanniae" (History of the Kings of Britain) Geoffrey, of Monmouth (p. 1136-1148/55)
- Camb. Univ. Libr. MS.1706
- Some translations: ISBN: 0140441700
- "History of the tyrants of Sicily" 'Hugo Falcandus' (1154-69)
- "Gesta Regum Anglorum" William of Malmesbury (England, 1st ed 1125, updates till 1135-40)
- William of Malmesbury. "Willelmi Malmesbriensis monachi De gestis regum Anglorum libri quinque; Historiae novellae libri tres." ed. by W. Stubbs. 2 vols. London, 1887-1889.
- "Historia Novella" William of Malmesbury (england, 1140-1142)
- "Gesta Pontificum", William of Malmesbury (england,1st ed 1125, updates till 1140)
- William of Malmesbury. Willelmesbiriensis Monachi De gestis ponti ficum Anglorum libri quinque. Ed. by N. E. S. A. Hamilton. London, 1870.
- "Chronique des Ducs de Normandie" []
- "Chronica", Joceline de Brakelond, 1173-1203
- In Arnold, T. (ed.) Memorials of St. Edmund's Abbey. 3 vols. London, 1890-96.
- "Lestorie des Engles solum la translacion Mais tre Geffrei Gaimar." Gaimar(England 1135-1147)
- Gaimar, Geoffrey. Lestorie des Engles solum la translacion Mais tre Geffrei Gaimar. ed. by T.D. Hardy and C.T. Martin. 2 vols. London, 1888-1889. Vol. I text, vol. 2 English translation.
- "Historia Ramesiensis" or "Liber Benefactorum Ecclesiae Ramesiensis" unknown (c1170)
- Ramsey Abbey. Chronicon Abbatiae Rameniensis. Ed. by W. D. Marcay. London, 1886.
- "Henrici Huntendunensis Historia Anglorum" or "the History of the English" Henry of Huntingdon(England, editions from 1130-1154)
- Henry of Huntingdon. Henrici Huntendunensis Historia Anglorum, the History of the English, by Henry, Archdeacon of Huntingdon, from B. C. 55 to A. D. 1154. In eight books. Ed. by T. Arnold. London, 1879.
This includes texts such as bestiaries, astronomical texts, calendars, natural histories, etc which attempt to pass on some knowledge of what would be broadly classed science today. These books may also have served a secondary purpose of entertainment (for example heavily illustrated bestiaries).
- St Alban's Psalter (contains a lengthy calendar)
- Alexander Nequam (1157-1217)
- William of Malmesbury the history of Glastonbury, and the miracles of the Virgin
- Marie de France - Saint Patrick's Purgatory
- Gerald of Wales (p. c1187-1216)
- Alain de Lille (p. c1160/75-1182/83)
- Orderic Vitalis